Co-evolutions of planning and design: Risks and benefits of design perspectives in planning systems

  title={Co-evolutions of planning and design: Risks and benefits of design perspectives in planning systems},
  author={Kristof van Assche and Raoul Beunen and Martijn Duineveld and Harro de Jong},
  journal={Planning Theory},
  pages={177 - 198}
We develop an evolutionary perspective on spatial planning to investigate the potential contributions of design approaches to the coordination of spatial organization. After a re-articulation of the concepts of planning and design in this perspective, we distinguish six essential features of the planning/design dialectics in a community. These aspects ought to be understood when evaluating the risks and benefits of design perspectives in a planning system, and the potential for re-positioning… 
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