Co-evolution of technology and society : The transition in water supply and personal hygiene in the Netherlands ( 1850 – 1930 ) — a case study in multi-level perspective

  title={Co-evolution of technology and society : The transition in water supply and personal hygiene in the Netherlands ( 1850 – 1930 ) — a case study in multi-level perspective},
  author={Frank Geels},
This article deals with the systems level in Freeman and Perez’s innovation typology (incremental, radical, system, techno-economic paradigm). Transitions at this level are understood as changes from one socio-technical system to another, involving co-evolution of technology and society. To understand these transitions, the article describes a multi-level perspective, based on insights from sociology of technology and evolutionary economics. This perspective is used to analyse a detailed… CONTINUE READING
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