Co-dependency between a specialist Andrena bee and its death camas host, Toxicoscordion paniculatum

@article{Cane2018CodependencyBA,
  title={Co-dependency between a specialist Andrena bee and its death camas host, Toxicoscordion paniculatum},
  author={J. Cane},
  journal={Arthropod-Plant Interactions},
  year={2018},
  volume={12},
  pages={657-662}
}
  • J. Cane
  • Published 2018
  • Biology
  • Arthropod-Plant Interactions
  • Among associations of plants and their pollinating bees, mutually specialized pairings are rare. Typically, either pollen specialist (oligolectic) bees are joined by polylectic bees in a flowering species’ pollinator guild, or specialized flowers are pollinated by one or more polylectic bees. The bee Andrena astragali is a narrow oligolege, collecting pollen solely from two nearly identical species of death camas (Toxicoscordion, formerly Zigadenus). Neurotoxic alkaloids of these plants are… CONTINUE READING
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