Clusters of cyclones encircling Jupiter’s poles

@article{Adriani2018ClustersOC,
  title={Clusters of cyclones encircling Jupiter’s poles},
  author={Alberto Adriani and Alessandro Mura and Glenn S. Orton and Candice J. Hansen and Francesca Altieri and Maria Luisa Moriconi and John H. Rogers and Gerald Eichst{\"a}dt and Thomas W. Momary and Andrew P. Ingersoll and Gianrico Filacchione and Giuseppe Sindoni and Fachreddin Tabataba‐Vakili and Bianca Maria Dinelli and Federico Fabiano and Scott J. Bolton and John E. P. Connerney and Sushil Atreya and Jonathan I. Lunine and Federico Tosi and Alessandra Migliorini and Davide Grassi and Giuseppe Piccioni and Raffaella Noschese and Andrea Cicchetti and Christina Plainaki and A. Olivieri and M. E. O'neill and Diego Turrini and S. Stefani and R. Sordini and Marilena Amoroso},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2018},
  volume={555},
  pages={216-219}
}
The familiar axisymmetric zones and belts that characterize Jupiter’s weather system at lower latitudes give way to pervasive cyclonic activity at higher latitudes. Two-dimensional turbulence in combination with the Coriolis β-effect (that is, the large meridionally varying Coriolis force on the giant planets of the Solar System) produces alternating zonal flows. The zonal flows weaken with rising latitude so that a transition between equatorial jets and polar turbulence on Jupiter can occur… 
The number and location of Jupiter’s circumpolar cyclones explained by vorticity dynamics
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Deep convection–driven vortex formation on Jupiter and Saturn
TLDR
Using three-dimensional simulations of turbulent convection in rotating spherical shells, it is proposed that a deep planetary dynamo acts to promote additional anticyclones, some as large as Jupiter’s Great Red Spot, in an overlying atmospheric layer.
Simple Arguments for Jupiter’s Circumpolar Cyclones
  • G. Golitsyn
  • Physics, Environmental Science
    Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics
  • 2021
On July 5, 2016, NASA’s Juno station began flying around Jupiter in a meridional orbit, having detected eight cyclones near the poles in latitude ±82° near the North Pole (NP) and five somewhat
Flow patterns of Jupiter's south polar region
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