Clustered CD20 induced apoptosis: src-family kinase, the proximal regulator of tyrosine phosphorylation, calcium influx, and caspase 3-dependent apoptosis.

Abstract

Anti-CD20 antibodies may reduce or eliminate non-Hodgkin's lymphoma B cells in patients, although the mechanism of action is not clear. To explore mechanism(s), we examined the induction of signal transduction events using anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies (mAb) in the human non-Hodgkin's lymphoma Ramos B cell line. We found that while Rituximab (a human-mouse hybrid mAb) alone induced apoptotic cell death, other murine anti-CD20 mAbs induced apoptosis of Ramos B cells only upon clustering with a secondary antibody. CD20 clustering was accompanied by activation of tyrosine protein kinase activity, PLCgamma2 phosphorylation, influx of Ca(2+), and activation of caspase 3. All signaling events, as well as the subsequent apoptosis, were blocked by PP2, a selective inhibitor of Src-family kinases. Treatment of Ramos with EGTA and BAPTA to block changes in cytoplasmic Ca(2+) likewise prevented CD20-induced apoptosis. Our findings support a model in which CD20 clustering activates members of the Src family of protein tyrosine kinases, leading to phosphorylation of PLCgamma2 and increased cytoplasmic Ca(2+). These early signal transduction events activate caspase 3 to promote apoptotic cell death of NHL B cells.

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@article{Hofmeister2000ClusteredCI, title={Clustered CD20 induced apoptosis: src-family kinase, the proximal regulator of tyrosine phosphorylation, calcium influx, and caspase 3-dependent apoptosis.}, author={Joseph K. Hofmeister and Damon S. Cooney and K Mark Coggeshall}, journal={Blood cells, molecules & diseases}, year={2000}, volume={26 2}, pages={133-43} }