Clubfoot Care in Low-Income and Middle-Income Countries: From Clinical Innovation to a Public Health Program

@article{Harmer2013ClubfootCI,
  title={Clubfoot Care in Low-Income and Middle-Income Countries: From Clinical Innovation to a Public Health Program},
  author={Luke S Harmer and Joseph J. Rhatigan},
  journal={World Journal of Surgery},
  year={2013},
  volume={38},
  pages={839-848}
}
BackgroundClubfoot occurs in nearly 1 in every 1,000 live births worldwide, representing a significant burden of disease. In high-income countries, an evidence-based treatment protocol utilizing sequential casting was pioneered by Ponseti and has resulted in excellent outcomes among children treated for this condition. However, treatment methods and results of treatment vary greatly across low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Our goal was to create a framework for understanding how… 
What factors impact on the implementation of clubfoot treatment services in low and middle-income countries?: a narrative synthesis of existing qualitative studies
BackgroundAround 100,000 children are born annually with clubfoot worldwide and 80% live in low and middle-income counties (LMICs). Clubfoot is a condition in which children are born with one or both
The Health Determinants of Accessibility to Clubfoot Treatment in LMICs: A Global Exploration of Barriers and Solutions
TLDR
While considerable progress has been made in building capacity for the treatment and management of CTEV in LMICs, structured training programs that support conservative manipulative methods to manage CteV should be initiated globally.
The role of clubfoot training programmes in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review
TLDR
There were improved benefits of knowledge and clinical application of the Ponseti method by participants in the programmes in all studies examined, however, there was a significant lack of follow-up and exploration of long-term effects of these programmes.
Eight-year Review of a Clubfoot Treatment Program in Pakistan With Assessment of Outcomes Using the Ponseti Technique: A Retrospective Study of 988 Patients (1,458 Clubfeet) Aged 0 to 5 Years at Enrollment
TLDR
Higher education of the head of household and male sex of the child were markedly associated with improved outcomes in foot correction status and a statistically significant reduction in Pirani scores was noted.
Romanian patients’ access to clubfoot treatment services
TLDR
It is concluded that more efforts need to be done for the diagnosis and treatment of children with clubfeet, including actions which are focused on raising awareness around this abnormality and more well-developed treatment guidelines.
Factors Affecting Parents to ‘Drop-Out’ from Ponseti Method and Children’s Clubfoot Relapse
TLDR
Relapse occurred in 15/72 drop out cases, predicted by problems with casting and predicted worse foot posture and reduced physical functioning, and probably lowering the overall relapse rate with inclusion of ‘postural’ cases.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Idiopathic Congenital Clubfoot.
TLDR
An important factor in the ultimate success of the Ponseti method is parental understanding of the bracing phase, and there is a very high rate of recurrent deformity when bracing is not done properly or is stopped prematurely.
Talipes equinovarus or Clubfoot: A review of study approaches, management and trends in Pakistan
TLDR
Large scale population-based studies are required for a broader overview and understanding the clinical spectrum of TEV, and prudent scientific evidence is required for any policy-making and relevant public health action.
Determination of Relationship Between Ponseti Method of Clubfoot Management and Age of Treatment Onset
TLDR
It is recommended that clubfoot is ideally treated within the age bracket of 0-6 months to prevent relapse, increased duration of treatment and too much serial casting and also promote a society with reduced rate of clubfoot deformity, thereby reducing need for future bone correction surgery, and reduced direct effects of late management of club foot on the child’s family.
Oral Sucrose for Pain Relief During Clubfoot Casting: A Double-Blinded Randomized Controlled Trial
TLDR
Sucrose solution and milk during Ponseti casting and manipulation were effective in decreasing the pain response in children undergoing manipulation and casting for clubfeet.
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