Erwinia amylovora, the causal agent of fire blight disease of apple and pear, employs intracellular proteases, including Lon and ClpXP, for posttranslational regulation of various cellular proteins. It has been shown that Lon plays a critical role in E. amylovora virulence by directly targeting type III secretion system (T3SS) proteins and the Rcs phosphorelay system. In this study, we genetically examined the role of ClpXP and its potential interaction with Lon in E. amylovora. Mutation in clpXP diminished the expression of the T3SS, reduced exopolysaccharide amylovoran production and motility, and resulted in delayed disease progress. Western blot analyses showed highly accumulated RpoS proteins in the clpXP mutant. Moreover, mutation of rpoS in the clpXP mutant background rescued the expression of the T3SS and amylovoran production, suggesting that ClpXP-dependent RpoS degradation positively affects virulence traits. Interestingly, lack of both ClpXP and Lon resulted in significantly reduced virulence but increased expression of the T3SS and amylovoran production. However, this phenomenon was independent of RpoS accumulation, suggesting that ClpXP and Lon are indispensable for full virulence in E. amylovora.