Clove based cropping systems on the east coast of Madagascar: how history leaves its mark on the landscape

  title={Clove based cropping systems on the east coast of Madagascar: how history leaves its mark on the landscape},
  author={Natacha Arimalala and Eric Penot and Thierry Michels and Vonjison Rakotoarimanana and Isabelle Michel and Harisoa Ravaomanalina and Edmond Roger and Michel Jahiel and Jean-Michel Leong Pock Tsy and Pascal Danthu},
  journal={Agroforestry Systems},
Clove farming developed on the east coast of Madagascar a little over a century ago. The species is largely cultivated and farmed by communities of smallholders. This study aims to characterize clove based cropping systems. There are three types of coexisting clove systems: monoculture where clove is the sole crop with inter-rows covered by wild grasses, agricultural parklands where clove is associated with annual crops (rain fed rice, sugar cane, cassava) and finally complex agroforestry… 

Exploring farmers' agrobiodiversity management practices and knowledge in clove agroforests of Madagascar

Interactions between farmers and agrobiodiversity are key drivers of agroecosystems sustainability and of the resilience of such systems to perturbations, but research into the human/nature

Local Knowledge of the Interactions between Agrobiodiversity and Soil: A Fertile Substrate for Adapting to Changes in the Soil in Madagascar?

Abstract. In the tropics, the reduction in fallow periods in shifting rice cultivation and deforestation have led to soil degradation. How crop diversity is managed by farmers to adapt to this change

Growth Response of Clove (Syzygium aromaticum L.) Seedlings to Different Light and Water Regimes

It is concluded that dense planting ofClove seedling with other competitive crops should be avoided to ensure the fast growth of clove seedlings at the establishment stage.




Cloves are one of the main Malagasy agricultural exports and their production is based on family farming. Helping farmers to develop their cropping systems towards more sustainable systems calls for

The clove tree of Madagascar: a success story with an unpredictable future

The clove tree was introduced to Madagascar from the Maluku Islands in Indonesia at the beginning of the 19th century. In spite of its sensitivity to hazards such as cyclones, a locally found pest

Le giroflier de Madagascar : une introduction réussie, un avenir à construire

The clove tree in Madagascar seems to represent an example of successful adoption and integration of a new crop into existing production systems, however, theClove tree plantations are ageing and the conditions for their renewal are not fully established, so the future looks promising for the world market in clove spices and eugenol-based products.

Finding alternatives to swidden agriculture: does agroforestry improve livelihood options and reduce pressure on existing forest?

Swidden cultivation can contribute to deforestation and land degradation, which can subsequently result in a number of serious environmental problems. This paper examines the economic and social

Forest gardens as an ‘intermediate’ land-use system in the nature–culture continuum: Characteristics and future potential

Forest gardens are reconstructed natural forests, in which wild and cultivated plants coexist, such that the structural characteristics and ecological processes of natural forests are preserved,

A general classification of agroforestry practice

  • F. Sinclair
  • Environmental Science
    Agroforestry Systems
  • 2004
A two stage definition of agroforestry is proposed that distinguishes an interdisciplinary approach to land use from a set of integrated land use practices and conforms with generally accepted methods of systems analysis.

A renewed perspective on agroforestry concepts and classification.

  • E. Torquebiau
  • Environmental Science
    Comptes rendus de l'Academie des sciences. Serie III, Sciences de la vie
  • 2000

Agroforestry systems for biodiversity and ecosystem services: the case of the Sibundoy Valley in the Colombian province of Putumayo

ABSTRACT The Camëntsá and Inga indigenous communities of the Sibundoy Valley, in the Colombian province of Putumayo, employ agroforestry systems for their livelihoods. The objectives of this enquiry

Linking agricultural biodiversity and food security: the valuable role of agrobiodiversity for sustainable agriculture.

  • L. Thrupp
  • Environmental Science
    International affairs
  • 2000
Practical guidelines and lessons for biodiversity management in farming systems and landscapes are summarized, showing effective ways to conserve, use and enhance biodiversity that will encourage sustainable food security.

Local livelihoods in the context of deforestation and forest degradation: A study of three regions in Madagascar

The high value of Madagascar’s flora and fauna that can be found in the remnants of primary and secondary forests requires sustainable forest management practices to reconcile the needs of the local