Cloud-Radiative Forcing and Climate: Results from the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment

@article{Ramanathan1989CloudRadiativeFA,
  title={Cloud-Radiative Forcing and Climate: Results from the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment},
  author={V. Ramanathan and R. Cess and E. F. Harrison and P. Minnis and B. Barkstrom and E. Ahmad and D. Hartmann},
  journal={Science},
  year={1989},
  volume={243},
  pages={57 - 63}
}
The study of climate and climate change is hindered by a lack of information on the effect of clouds on the radiation balance of the earth, referred to as the cloud-radiative forcing. Quantitative estimates of the global distributions of cloud-radiative forcing have been obtained from the spaceborne Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) launched in 1984. For the April 1985 period, the global shortwave cloud forcing [-44.5 watts per square meter (W/m2)] due to the enhancement of planetary… Expand
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