Clothing Laws, State, and Society in the Ottoman Empire, 1720–1829

  title={Clothing Laws, State, and Society in the Ottoman Empire, 1720–1829},
  author={Donald Quataert},
  journal={International Journal of Middle East Studies},
  pages={403 - 425}
  • D. Quataert
  • Published 1 August 1997
  • History
  • International Journal of Middle East Studies
In 1826, Sultan Mahmud II orchestrated the slaughter of 6,000–7,000 janissaries and, in order to incinerate any janissary remnants that had taken refuge there, burned the Belgrade Forest outside Istanbul. During his reign (1808–39), the sultan attacked many of the other bases of the ancien régime, such as the timar system, the lifetime tax farms, and the political autonomy of provincial notables. He also centralized the pious foundations, brought them under a special ministry, and expropriated… 

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