Closure duration as an acoustic correlate of the word-initial singleton/geminate consonant contrast in Kelantan Malay

  title={Closure duration as an acoustic correlate of the word-initial singleton/geminate consonant contrast in Kelantan Malay},
  author={Mohd Hilmi Hamzah and J. Fletcher and J. Hajek},
  journal={J. Phonetics},
Abstract Closure duration has been established cross-linguistically as the universally most reliable and consistent acoustic feature of consonant gemination. In this study, we conduct an acoustic phonetic analysis of the word-initial singleton/geminate consonant contrast in Kelantan Malay (KM) in order to explore the extent to which closure duration marks such a contrast in this Malay variety. KM is particularly unusual among the world׳s languages in that the contrast is restricted to word… Expand
7 Citations
Non-durational acoustic correlates of word-initial consonant gemination in Kelantan Malay: The potential roles of amplitude and f0
This study reports on non-durational acoustic correlates of typologically rare word-initial consonant gemination in Kelantan Malay (KM) by focusing on two acoustic parameters – amplitude and f0.Expand
The secondary roles of amplitude and F0 in the perception of word-initial geminates in Kelantan Malay
This study examines the extent to which amplitude and F0 play secondary roles in perceptually cueing the word-initial singleton/geminate consonant contrast in Kelantan Malay (KM). Three voicelessExpand
Not all geminates are created equal: Evidence from Maltese glottal consonants
  • H. Mitterer
  • Psychology, Computer Science
  • J. Phonetics
  • 2018
The results show that the relative role of secondary cues and duration may differ across consonants and that gemination may involve language-specific phonetic knowledge that is specific to each consonant, and question the idea that lexical access in speech processing can be achieved through features. Expand
The production of the English stop voicing contrast by Arab L2 speakers of English
The English voiceless stop /p/ and voiced stop /ɡ/ are absent in the consonant inventory of Arabic. This difference provides a fertile ground for empirical research in L2 speech learning among ArabExpand
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In the Southern Bavarian variety of Tyrolean, laryngeal contrasts undergo a typologically interesting process of neutralisation in word-initial position. We undertake an acoustic analysis of TyroleanExpand
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Phonetic aspects of many languages have been documented, though the breadth and focus of such documentation varies substantially. In this survey, phonetic aspects (here called ‘categories’) that areExpand


Word-initial voiceless stop geminates in Kelantan Malay: Acoustic evidence from amplitude/F0 ratios
Results indicate that relative amplitude and relative F0 across syllables do contribute to the differentiation of word-initial voiceless stop singletons and geminates in KM, with amplitude and F0 ratios being usually significantly higher in the geminate context. Expand
A Taste of Prosody: Possible Effects of the Word-Initial Singleton-Geminate Contrast on Post-Consonantal Vowel Duration in Kelantan Malay
The present study examines possible temporal effects of the word-initial geminate consonant contrast in Kelantan Malay (KM) beyond the duration of the target consonant itself. We are interested inExpand
Duration differences in the articulation and acoustics of Swiss German word-initial geminate and singleton stops.
By using electropalatography, the articulatory and acoustic properties of word-initial alveolar stops were investigated in phrase-initial and phrase-medial contexts, and the results are threefold: CD and contact duration of the articulators mirror each other within a phrase: Geminates are longer than singletons. Expand
The perception of word-initial consonant length: Pattani Malay *
The most salient physical manifestation of phonemically distinctive consonant length is the duration of the closure or constriction of the short consonant relative to that of its long counterpart.Expand
An acoustic analysis of release burst amplitude in the Kelantan Malay singleton/ geminate stop contrast
Abstract This study investigates whether the amplitude of release bursts is a potential cue to the word-initial singleton/geminate contrast in Kelantan Malay (KM). The voiceless stop series (/p-pp/,Expand
Durational Correlates of Word-initial Voiceless Geminate Stops: The Case of Kelantan Malay
An acoustic phonetic analysis examining two acoustic parameters: closure duration and voice onset time finds closure duration to be the most robust acoustic correlate for the singleton-geminate contrast in Kelantan Malay. Expand
Amplitude and F0 as acoustic correlates of Kelantan Malay word-initial geminates
This study examines the degree to which differences in amplitude and F0 can mark the word-initial singleton/geminate contrast in Kelantan Malay (KM). RMS amplitude and F0 values were measured forExpand
Effects of speaking rate on the single/geminate stop distinction in Japanese.
  • Y. Hirata, J. Whiton
  • Mathematics, Medicine
  • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
  • 2005
In spite of overlap in absolute closure duration between single and geminate voiceless stops, there is a relationally invariant measure that divides the two phonemic categories across rates and speakers, supporting the theory of relational acoustic invariance. Expand
Domain-initial articulatory strengthening in four languages
This paper is about one way in which prosody affects individual speech segments, with segmental phonetics showing a perhaps surprising sensitivity to higher-level linguistic structure, and shows that phonetic properties of individual segments depend on their prosodic position, or position in prosodic structure. Expand
Durational Properties of Initial Geminate Consonants in Kelantan Malay
This paper presents the first acoustic phonetic analysis of initial geminate consonants in Kelantan Malay with a focus on their durational properties. Results of a production experiment show thatExpand