Clostridium difficile infection.

Abstract

Clostridium difficile is the leading cause of hospital-acquired diarrhea in Europe and North America and is a serious reemerging pathogen. Recent outbreaks have led to increasing morbidity and mortality and have been associated with a new strain (BI/NAP1/027) of C difficile that produces more toxin than historic strains. With the increasing incidence of C difficile infection, clinicians have also seen a change in the epidemiology with increased infections in previously low-risk populations. This chapter highlights the current knowledge on C difficile virulence, human disease, epidemic outbreaks and optimal treatment strategies.

DOI: 10.1097/MAJ.0b013e3181e939d8
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@article{Heinlen2010ClostridiumDI, title={Clostridium difficile infection.}, author={Latisha D. Heinlen and Jimmy Dale Ballard}, journal={The American journal of the medical sciences}, year={2010}, volume={340 3}, pages={247-52} }