Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea: risk factors, diagnostic methods, and treatment.

@article{Oldfield2004ClostridiumDD,
  title={Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea: risk factors, diagnostic methods, and treatment.},
  author={Edward C. Oldfield},
  journal={Reviews in gastroenterological disorders},
  year={2004},
  volume={4 4},
  pages={
          186-95
        }
}
Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD) has become the most common cause of infectious diarrhea acquired in the hospital, with an estimated 3 million annual cases and an annual cost of $1 billion. Risk factors for CDAD include antibiotic use (especially ampicillin, clindamycin, and cephalosporins), advanced age, and gastrointestinal surgery. Specific diagnosis of CDAD is made with an enzyme immunoassay to detect toxins A and B. Metronidazole remains the initial treatment of choice… CONTINUE READING

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