Closing the Transition: the May 1995 Elections in Ethiopia

  title={Closing the Transition: the May 1995 Elections in Ethiopia},
  author={Terrence Lyons},
  journal={The Journal of Modern African Studies},
  pages={121 - 142}
  • T. Lyons
  • Published 1 March 1996
  • Political Science
  • The Journal of Modern African Studies
The Ethiopian transition, that began with the overthrow of military dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam in May 1991, formally ended with the swearing in of the newly elected Government of the Federal Republic of Ethiopia in August 1995. The intervening four years were a contentious time of clashes among rival political forces to determine the rules under which the transition would be conducted and hence which forces would be favoured. The first act of the Ethiopian Peoples Revolutionary Democratic… 

Discomfiture of democracy? The 2005 election crisis in Ethiopia and its aftermath

In this article, the author assesses the nature and the impact of the May 2005 Ethiopian parliamentary elections on Ethiopian politics. The elections, although controversial and flawed, showed

Ethiopia: A State Regressing from Democracy

Compared with the other nations studied Ethiopia entered the modern world of independent nations with a head start. Although invaded by Italy for a brief period, Ethiopia survived the ills of

Observation of Elections in Fédéral Ethiopia: Retrospect and Prospect

In several strands of political theory, multi-party élections are considered as a prerequisite for real and effective democracy: in order to let the people exercise choice between programmes and

The Organization and Observation of Elections in Federal Ethiopia: Retrospect and Prospect

In several strands of political theory, multi-party elections are considered as a prerequisite for real and effective democracy: in order to let the people exercise choice between programmes and

Ideology and succession politics in Ethiopia: autocratic leadership turnover and political instability

ABSTRACT Recent scholarship on the institutionalization of politics in Africa has highlighted the consolidation of constitutional leadership turnover in electoral democracies. However, leadership

Ambiguous elections: the influence of non-electoral politics in Ethiopian democratisation*

  • K. Tronvoll
  • Political Science, Sociology
    The Journal of Modern African Studies
  • 2009
ABSTRACT The ‘non-electoral context’ of elections is often overlooked in democratisation studies, in order not to obscure an otherwise clear model or theory of transition. A key challenge for


Although the Ethiopian state traces its roots back to the empire of Axum in the first centuries AD, the modern Ethiopian state took shape in the second half of the 19 th century. During that period

Implications of Protest and Reform for Domestic Governance in Ethiopia

The paper concludes that the ongoing Ethiopian transition unfolded by paving avenues for opening up space for negotiating unsettled issues surrounding state-society relations in a context of a relatively liberalized political economy.

Voting, violence and violations: peasant voices on the flawed elections in Hadiya, Southern Ethiopia

This article presents peasant grievances on the flawed 2000 elections in Hadiya zone, southern Ethiopia. For the first time in Ethiopia's electoral history, an opposition party managed to win the

The Developmental State Model in Ethiopia: A Path to Economic Prosperity or Political Repression?

  • S. Abebe
  • Political Science, Economics
  • 2018
The most significant policy framework that has been shaping the political and economic dynamics in Ethiopia is the doctrine of the developmental state model. The rhetoric is a new form of policy



Nationalism Unbound: The Horn of Africa Revisited

T1he politics of the Horn ofAfrica has been dominated for three decades by conflicting nationalisms. During the 1970s and early 1980s, however, the commitment to Marxism-Leninism of the Somali regime

Balkan Tragedy: Chaos and Dissolution after the Cold War

Yugoslavia was well positioned at the end of the cold war to make a successful transition to a market economy and westernization. Yet two years later, the country had ceased to exist, and devastating

Ethiopia in change : peasantry, nationalism and democracy

Looking back - into the future mutation of statehood and contemporary politics in Ethiopia from progressive to reactionary Eritrea - evolution towards independence and beyond an important root of the

Transformation and Continuity in Revolutionary Ethiopia

List of tables Preface and acknowledgements List of acronyms Glossary of Amharic words Map of administrative regions of Ethiopia 1. Revolutions 2. Monarchical modernisation and the origins of

Collapsed States: The Disintegration and Restoration of Legitimate Authority.@@@The Fragmentation of Afghanistan: State Formation and Collapse in the International System.

This work uses 11 African case studies in its exploration of the phenomenon of collapsed states. The writers consider the causes of collapse; symptoms and early warning signs; and how the situation

Drought and Desperation

The Ethnogenesis of the Oromo Nation and Its Implications for Politics in Ethiopia

  • E. Keller
  • Sociology
    The Journal of Modern African Studies
  • 1995
The end of the cold war has coincided with, and in some cases fuelled, the politicisation of ethnically based nationalism, particularly in Eastern Europe and sub-Saharan Africa. The international

47 'President Address EPRDF's 2d Congress', Radio Ethiopia in Amharic

  • p. A22, and 'Ethiopian Opposition: rulers stay too long', in ibid

Ethiopia Arrests Dissident Political Leaders', in The Washington Post