Closing an open-loop control system: vestibular substitution through the tongue.

  title={Closing an open-loop control system: vestibular substitution through the tongue.},
  author={Mitchell E. Tyler and Yuri P. Danilov and Paul Bach-y-Rita},
  journal={Journal of integrative neuroscience},
  volume={2 2},
The human postural coordination mechanism is an example of a complex closed-loop control system based on multisensory integration [9,10,13,14]. In models of this process, sensory data from vestibular, visual, tactile and proprioceptive systems are integrated as linearly additive inputs that drive multiple sensory-motor loops to provide effective coordination of body movement, posture and alignment [5-8, 10, 11]. In the absence of normal vestibular (such as from a toxic drug reaction) and other… 

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