Closed-loop systems for drug delivery.

  title={Closed-loop systems for drug delivery.},
  author={Aaron M Fields and Kevin M Fields and Jeremy W. Cannon},
  journal={Current opinion in anaesthesiology},
  volume={21 4},
PURPOSE OF REVIEW To discuss closed-loop systems, the engineering behind them, and the application of these systems. RECENT FINDINGS The literature demonstrates that closed-loop systems can be used for controlling the depth of anesthesia, muscle relaxation, blood pressure, intravascular volume, and blood glucose levels. SUMMARY The future… CONTINUE READING