Cloning of a new cytokine that induces IFN-γ production by T cells

@article{Okamura1995CloningOA,
  title={Cloning of a new cytokine that induces IFN-$\gamma$ production by T cells},
  author={Haruki Okamura and Hiroko Tsutsui and Toshinori Komatsu and Masuo Yutsudo and Akira Hakura and Tadao Tanimoto and Kakuji Torigoe and Takanori Okura and Yoshiyuki Nukada and K Hattori and Kenji Akita and Motoshi Namba and Fujimi Tanabe and K Konishi and Shigeharu Okayama-shi Fukuda and Masashi Kurimoto},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1995},
  volume={378},
  pages={88-91}
}
THE mechanism underlying the differentiation of CD4+ T cells into functionally distinct subsets (Thl and Th2) is incompletely understood1–3, and hitherto unidentified cytokines may be required for the functional maturation of these cells4. Here we report the cloning of a recently identified IFN-γ-inducing factor (IGIF) that augments natural killer (NK) activity in spleen cells5,6. The gene encodes a precursor protein of 192 amino acids and a mature protein of 157 amino acids, which have no… 
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Interleukin 18
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  • 2001
TLDR
IL-18 is expressed at sites of chronic inflammation, in autoimmune diseases, in a variety of cancers, and in the context of numerous infectious diseases, and its potential effector and regulatory role in several human disease states including autoimmunity and infection is addressed.
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The data indicated that dendritic cells are potent in producing IFN-γ in response to IL-12 produced by bacterial infection and play an important role in innate immunity and subsequent T helper cell type 1 development in vivo.
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TLDR
IL-18s could enhance the ability of IL-18 to increase IFN-lambda production by approximately 40% in mouse splenocytes, suggesting that IL- 18s might regulate the activity of IL -18 in the physiological conditions.
Cloning of a cDNA Encoding Bovine Interleukin-18 and Analysis of IL-18 Expression in Macrophages and Its IFN-γ-Inducing Activity
TLDR
This work isolated and sequenced a cDNA encoding bovine IL-18, a recently described cytokine that enhances interferon-γ (IFN-γ) production, either independently or synergistically with IL-12, and found it to be pivotal in host defense against intracellular pathogens.
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TLDR
Results indicate that the production of IL-18 by recombinant BCG may enhance the immunomodulatory properties of BCG further toward a Th1 profile, which may be particularly useful for immunotherapeutic or prophylactic interventions in which a Th2 response is most desirable.
In vivo immunomodulation following intradermal injection with DNA encoding IL-18.
TLDR
Injection of DNA encoding IL-18 into the skin modulates both Ag-specific humoral and T cell responses upon mycobacterial infection, which increases the Th1 type response, which may be particularly useful for the development of new immunotherapeutic or immunoprotective approaches against infections by intracellular parasites.
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