Genes for β-glucosidase (Bgl) isolated from a genomic library of the cellulolytic bacterium,Cellulomonas biazotea, were cloned in pUC18 in itsSacI cloning site and transformed toE. coli. Ten putative recombinants showed blackening zones on esculin plates, yellow zones on pNPG plates, in liquid culture and on native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis activity gels. They fell into three distinct groups. Three representativeE. coli clones carried recombinant plasmids designated pRM54, pRM1 and pRM17. The genes were located on 5.6-, 3.7- and 1.84-kb fragments, respectively. Their location was obtained by deletion analysis which revealed that 5.5, 3.2, and 1.8 kb fragments were essential to code for BglA, BglB, and BglC, respectively, and conferred intracellular production of β-glucosidase onE. coli. Expression of thebgl genes resulted in overproduction of β-glucosidase in the three clones. Secretion occurred into the periplasmic fractions. Three inserts carryingbgl genes from the representative recombinantE. coli were isolated withSacI ligated in the shuttle vector pYES2.0 in itsSacI site and transformed toE. coli andS. cerevisiae. The recombinant plasmids were redesignated pRPG1, pRPG2 and pRPG3 coding for BglA1, BglB1 and BglC1. The cloned genes conferred extracellular production of β-glucosidase onS. cerevisiae and enabled it to grow on cellobiose and salicin. Thegall promoter of shuttle vector pYES2.0 enabled the organisms to produce twice more β-glucosidase than that supported by thelacZ-promoter of pUC18 plasmid inE. coli. The cloned gene can be used as a selection marker for introducing recombinant plasmids in wild strains ofS. cerevisiae The enzyme produced bybgl + yeast andE. coli recombinants resembles that of the donor with respect to temperature and pH requirement for maximum activity. Other enzyme properties of the β-glucosidases fromS. cerevisiae were substantially the same as those fromC. biazotea.