Cloacibacillus porcorum sp. nov., a mucin-degrading bacterium from the swine intestinal tract and emended description of the genus Cloacibacillus

@article{Looft2013CloacibacillusPS,
  title={Cloacibacillus porcorum sp. nov., a mucin-degrading bacterium from the swine intestinal tract and emended description of the genus Cloacibacillus},
  author={Torey Looft and Uri Y. Levine and Thaddeus B. Stanton},
  journal={International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology},
  year={2013},
  volume={63},
  pages={1960 - 1966}
}
A novel anaerobic, mesophilic, amino-acid-fermenting bacterium, designated strain CL-84T, was isolated from the swine intestinal tract on mucin-based media. Cells were curved rods (0.8–1.2×3.5–5.0 µm), stained Gram-negative and were non-motile with no evidence of spores. Strain CL-84T produced acetate, propionate, formate and butyrate as the end products of metabolism when grown on serine. Optimum growth occurred at 39 °C and pH 6.5. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Megasphaera stantonii sp. nov., a butyrate-producing bacterium isolated from the cecum of a healthy chicken.
TLDR
Digital DNA-DNA hybridization, average nucleotide identity (ANI) and average amino acid identity (AAI) indicate divergence consistent with the strain representing a novel species, and indicate the name Megasphaerastantonii sp.
Rarimicrobium hominis gen. nov., sp. nov., representing the fifth genus in the phylum Synergistetes that includes human clinical isolates.
TLDR
Five human clinical isolates of an unknown, strictly anaerobic, slow-growing, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped micro-organism were subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study and a new genus, Rarimicrobium gen. nov., is proposed, named after the exclusive and rare finding of the taxon in human samples.
Thermosynergistes pyruvativorans gen. nov., sp. nov., an anaerobic, pyruvate-degrading bacterium from Shengli oilfield, and proposal of Thermosynergistaceae fam. nov. in the phylum Synergistetes.
TLDR
On the basis of phenotypic, phylogenetic and phylogenomic evidences, strain S15T constitutes a novel species in a novel genus, for the name Thermosynergistes pyruvativorans gen. nov. is proposed.
Characterisation and survey in cattle of a rumen Pyrimadobacter sp. which degrades the plant toxin fluoroacetate.
TLDR
Strain C12-8 preferentially used peptide-bound amino acids rather than free amino acids, but there was minimal utilization of alanine, proline, methionine, aspartic acid, lysine, and arginine in either form.
A collection of bacterial isolates from the pig intestine reveals functional and taxonomic diversity
TLDR
Meta-analysis of 16S rRNA amplicon sequence data and metagenome-assembled genomes reveal prevalent and pig-specific species within Lactobacillus, Streptococcus, Clostridium, Desulfovibrio, Enterococcus and Fusobacterium, and several new genera described in this study.
Complete Genome Sequence of Coriobacteriaceae Strain 68-1-3, a Novel Mucus-Degrading Isolate from the Swine Intestinal Tract
TLDR
The finished genome sequence for the swine commensal is presented, totaling 1.97 Mb in size, and a novel Coriobacteriaceae bacterium (strain 68-1-3) was isolated from the ileum of theSwine intestinal tract using a selective mucus-based medium.
Butyrate-Producing Bacteria, Including Mucin Degraders, from the Swine Intestinal Tract
TLDR
Three of the isolates grew on mucin, suggesting an intimate association with host intestinal mucosa, and butyryl coenzyme A (CoA):acetate CoA transferase activity, are associated with gut health problems.
Amino Acid and Peptide Utilization Profiles of the Fluoroacetate-Degrading Bacterium Synergistetes Strain MFA1 Under Varying Conditions
TLDR
The growth of strain MFA1 and its fluoroacetate degradation rate were enhanced by peptide-rich protein hydrolysates (tryptone and yeast extract) compared to casamino acid, an amino acid-richprotein hydrolysate, a plant toxin.
Multi-targeted properties of the probiotic saccharomyces cerevisiae CNCM I-3856 against enterotoxigenic escherichia coli (ETEC) H10407 pathogenesis across human gut models
TLDR
It is demonstrated the multi-inhibitory properties of the probiotic S. cerevisiae CNCM I-3856 against ETEC in the overall simulated human digestive tract, regardless of the inherent variability across individuals in the M-SHIME.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 31 REFERENCES
Cloacibacillus evryensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel asaccharolytic, mesophilic, amino-acid-degrading bacterium within the phylum 'Synergistetes', isolated from an anaerobic sludge digester.
TLDR
It is proposed that strain 158T represents a novel species in a new genus, Cloacibacillus evryensis gen. nov., in the phylum 'Synergistetes'; these fatty acid profiles did not resemble those of any recognized bacterial species.
Pyramidobacter piscolens gen. nov., sp. nov., a member of the phylum 'Synergistetes' isolated from the human oral cavity.
Four strains of anaerobic, Gram-negative bacilli isolated from the human oral cavity were subjected to a comprehensive range of phenotypic and genotypic tests and were found to comprise a homogeneous
Prevotella marshii sp. nov. and Prevotella baroniae sp. nov., isolated from the human oral cavity.
TLDR
Two novel species of anaerobic Gram-negative bacilli isolated from the human oral cavity were found to comprise two homogeneous groups, designated E2 and E4, which belonged to the genus Prevotella but were distinct from any species with validly published names.
Synergistes Group Organisms of Human Origin
TLDR
The first characterized human isolates of the division Synergistes which are colonizing, and probably infecting, several sites in the human body are made available.
Treponema hyodysenteriae growth under various culture conditions.
Metabolic cooperation in oral microbial communities during growth on mucin.
TLDR
It is suggested that glycoprotein catabolism involved the synergistic and concerted action of several species with overlapping patterns of enzyme activity that results in the liberation of additional nutrients, and this may help to maintain the characteristic diversity of resident microbial communities found in many natural habitats.
Resident microbiota of the gypsy moth midgut harbors antibiotic resistance determinants.
TLDR
The antibiotic resistome of the microbial community in gypsy moth larval midguts is characterized by applying functional metagenomics to cultured isolates and predicted that the active genes encoded efflux pumps, a transcriptional activator of efflux pump protein expression, and an extended-spectrum class A beta-lactamase.
...
1
2
3
4
...