Clinicopathologic study of cholangiocarcinoma with superficial spread.

  title={Clinicopathologic study of cholangiocarcinoma with superficial spread.},
  author={Tsuyoshi Igami and Masato Nagino and Koji Oda and Hideki Nishio and T Ebata and Y Yokoyama and Yoshie Shimoyama},
  journal={Annals of surgery},
  volume={249 2},
OBJECTIVE To review our experience with cholangiocarcinoma with superficial spread, to clarify its clinical features, and to discuss treatment strategies. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Most of the previous reports on cholangiocarcinoma with superficial spread were case reports. Little is known about this type of cholangiocarcinoma. METHODS The medical records of 471 patients with cholangiocarcinoma who underwent resection (351 perihilar and 120 distal cancers) were retrospectively reviewed… CONTINUE READING


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