Clinically oriented physiology teaching: strategy for developing critical-thinking skills in undergraduate medical students.

@article{Abraham2004ClinicallyOP,
  title={Clinically oriented physiology teaching: strategy for developing critical-thinking skills in undergraduate medical students.},
  author={Reem Rachel Abraham and Subramanya Upadhya and Sharmila Torke and Komattil Ramnarayan},
  journal={Advances in physiology education},
  year={2004},
  volume={28 1-4},
  pages={
          102-4
        }
}
Medicine is an applied science, interpreting evidence and applying it to real life by using clinical reasoning skills and experience. COPT (clinically oriented physiology teaching) was incorporated in physiology instruction aiming to relate the study of physiology to real-life problems, to generate enthusiasm and motivation for learning, and to demonstrate the vocational relevance of physiology among students by integrating clinical experience with teaching. COPT consisted of two elements: 1… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Validating the effectiveness of Clinically Oriented Physiology Teaching (COPT) in undergraduate physiology curriculum
TLDR
The study supports the fact that assessment and teaching patterns should fall in line with each other as proved by the better performance of the experimental group of students compared to the control group.
Assessment of Practical Research-Based Activity Program as a Tool for Teaching Medical Physiology to Undergraduates
TLDR
Practical research–based activity program PRBAP appears to be a good way for generating motivation for learning and also to demonstrate the relevance of physiology among students.
Prioritization of Human physiology Topics for medical school, what to teach? Expert Teachers' views
TLDR
Evidence of the presence of general agreement among physiologists on the core physiology educational content that need to be taught to medical students is provided.
EVALUATING CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS IN MEDICAL STUDENTS, ISFAHAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, IRAN
TLDR
It seems that students critical thinking skill is not so desirable in Iran and educational planning should be considered for its development.
Efficacy of case-based learning as an adjunct to traditional teaching learning methods in Physiology
TLDR
The authors concluded that clinical case based modules, when used as an adjunct to didactic lectures, not only served to enhance students’ skill in tackling case based items, but also developed their critical thinking and higher ordered learning such that they became more adept at solving non casebased items.
A student-centered approach for developing active learning: the construction of physical models as a teaching tool in medical physiology
TLDR
The proposed method has proved to be an attractive, accessible and relatively simple approach to facilitate the physiology teaching-learning process, while facing difficulties imposed by recent requirements, especially those relating to the use of experimental animals and professional training guidelines.
Perceptions of medical students and physicians about the role and scope of physiology
TLDR
Decreased job opportunities, promotion avenues, academic growth, research opportunities, and financial returns in physiology were some of the main factors for its lower preference.
IUPS Physiology Education Workshop series in India: organizational mechanics, outcomes, and lessons.
TLDR
The aim of this report is to provide a model for implementing a coordinated series of workshops to support national curriculum change and to identify the organizational elements essential for conducting an effective Physiology Education workshop.
A systematic review on critical thinking in medical education
  • Z. Chan
  • Education
    International journal of adolescent medicine and health
  • 2016
TLDR
A systematic review of efforts that have been made to enhance and assess critical thinking in medical education from 1981 to 2012 found that a majority of studies developed teaching strategies and multimedia tools that placed a greater focus on learning outcomes than on learning processes.
Student Preference for Case Studies: Enhanced Learning in a Human Physiology Course
Case studies offered in lecture sessions as an active learning strategy seek to engage students in critical thinking and facilitate guided inquiry. With large class sizes, it can be challenging to
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 19 REFERENCES
Student critical thinking is enhanced by developing exercise prescriptions using online learning modules.
TLDR
It is concluded that the OLM helped exercise science students develop the critical thinking skills necessary for development of effective exercise prescriptions by requiring them to think critically while concurrently reinforcing lecture-presented exercise science content.
Evidence-based Medicine--How to Teach Critical Scientific Thinking to Medical Undergraduates.
TLDR
The EBM course activated the students' critical thinking, enhanced social learning and group processes, and promoted their attitudes towards independent information retrieval and critical appraisal.
AMEE Medical Education Guide No. 15: Problem-based learning: a practical guide.
TLDR
This practical guide for health professions teachers provides a perspective of one of the most important educational developments in the past 30 years, problem-based learning, a teaching method that can be included in the teacher's tool-kit along with other teaching methods rather than used as the sole educational strategy.
A Peer-Assisted Learning System ('PALS') approach to teaching basic sciences. A model developed in basic medical pharmacology instruction
This paper describes the development of an activelearning approach to basic science instruction. In this model, students learn facts and concepts with minimal input from subject matter experts.
AMEE guide No. 14: Outcome-based education: Part 2-Planning, implementing and evaluating a competency-based curriculum
TLDR
The reasons why the new curriculum was developed, how it was planned and structured, and the significance the curricular innovation will have on medical education are described.
Learning experiences in medical education
This paper explores learning experiences from both a general and a medical education perspective. A broad range of learning experiences, both planned and incidental, are identified. The former is
Teaching for Thinking
The Need for Evidence in Education.
In this article a plea is made to use evidence in education. A remarkable difference in attitude is noted between university staff in their role as scientists in their discipline and in their role as
Interactive lecturing: strategies for increasing participation in large group presentations
SUMMARY Interactive lecturing involves an increased interchange between teachers, students and the lecture content.The use of interactive lectures can promote active learning, heighten attention and
Critical Thinking and Self-Directed Learning in Adult Education: An Analysis of Responsibility and Control Issues
Two dominant theoretical frameworks in adult education are critical thinking and self-directed learning. This article is an analysis of the fundamental premises of these constructs in an attempt to
...
...