Clinical trials of meditation practices in health care: characteristics and quality.

@article{Ospina2008ClinicalTO,
  title={Clinical trials of meditation practices in health care: characteristics and quality.},
  author={Maria B. Ospina and Kenneth Bond and Mohammad Karkhaneh and Nina Buscemi and Donna M. Dryden and Vernon Barnes and Linda E. Carlson and J. Dusek and David Shannahoff-Khalsa},
  journal={Journal of alternative and complementary medicine},
  year={2008},
  volume={14 10},
  pages={
          1199-213
        }
}
OBJECTIVE To provide a descriptive overview of the clinical trials assessing meditation practices for health care. DESIGN Systematic review of the literature. Comprehensive searches were conducted in 17 electronic bibliographic databases through September 2005. Other sources of potentially relevant studies included hand searches, reference tracking, contacting experts, and gray literature searches. Included studies were clinical trials with 10 or more adult participants using any meditation… Expand
A systematic review of yoga for balance in a healthy population.
TLDR
Yoga may have a beneficial effect on balance, but variable study design and poor reporting quality obscure the results, and more probing measures are needed. Expand
Evidence Map of Mindfulness
TLDR
This evidence map provides an overview of “mindfulness” intervention research and describes its volume and focus to help interpret the state of the evidence to inform policy and clinical decision making. Expand
Meditation as an Adjunct to the Management of Multiple Sclerosis
TLDR
All studies suggest possible benefit to the use of meditation as an adjunct to the management of multiple sclerosis, however common positive effects of meditation include improved quality of life (QOL) and improved coping skills. Expand
An evidence map of the effect of Tai Chi on health outcomes
TLDR
The map identified a number of areas with evidence of a potentially positive treatment effect on patient outcomes, including Tai Chi for hypertension, fall prevention outside of institutions, cognitive performance, osteoarthritis, depression, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pain, balance confidence, and muscle strength. Expand
Commentary on the AHRQ report on research on meditation practices in health.
  • D. Orme-Johnson
  • Medicine
  • Journal of alternative and complementary medicine
  • 2008
TLDR
This commentary argues that double blinding, a major component of the report's evaluation criteria, is not an appropriate control for placebo in meditation research and a viable alternative is to make the treatment and control groups equivalent on nonspecific therapeutic attention factors and expectation. Expand
Effects of the transcendental meditation technique on trait anxiety: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
TLDR
Overall, TM practice is more effective than treatment as usual and most alternative treatments, with greatest effects observed in individuals with high anxiety, especially with high-anxiety patients conducted under medically supervised conditions. Expand
Meditation techniques v. relaxation therapies when treating anxiety: a meta-analytic review
TLDR
Meditation seems to be a bit more effective than relaxation in the treatment of anxiety, and it might also remain more effective at 12-month follow-up, but more research is needed if the authors are to have a precise idea of the potential of these techniques compared to relaxation therapy. Expand
Clinical effectiveness of stress-reduction techniques in patients with hypertension: systematic review and meta-analysis
TLDR
The available RCTs on stress-reduction techniques used for at least 24 weeks appeared to indicate a blood pressure-lowering effect in patients with essential hypertension, but this should be interpreted with caution because of major methodological limitations. Expand
Prevalence and patterns of use of mantra, mindfulness and spiritual meditation among adults in the United States
TLDR
A comparison across the three meditation practices found many similarities in user characteristics, suggesting interest in meditation may be more related to the type of person meditating than to thetype of practice selected. Expand
Intensive meditation for refractory pain and symptoms.
TLDR
Higher education, nonworking/disabled status, female gender, higher stress, higher pain, higher symptomatology, and any CAM use were all associated with a greater odds of being moderately to very interested in an intensive 10-day meditation retreat. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 58 REFERENCES
Meditation practices for health: state of the research.
TLDR
Scientific research on meditation practices does not appear to have a common theoretical perspective and is characterized by poor methodological quality, and firm conclusions on the effects of meditation practices in healthcare cannot be drawn based on the available evidence. Expand
Systematic review of the efficacy of meditation techniques as treatments for medical illness.
TLDR
Clear and reproducible evidence supporting efficacy from large, methodologically sound studies is lacking, but benefit was demonstrated for mood and anxiety disorders, autoimmune illness, and emotional disturbance in neoplastic disease. Expand
Yoga for depression: the research evidence.
TLDR
The initial indications are of potentially beneficial effects of yoga interventions on depressive disorders, but variation in interventions, severity and reporting of trial methodology suggests that the findings must be interpreted with caution. Expand
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction as supportive therapy in cancer care: systematic review.
TLDR
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction has potential as a clinically valuable self-administered intervention for cancer patients and further research into its efficacy, feasibility and safety for cancer Patients in the nursing context is recommended. Expand
The effect of Tai Chi on health outcomes in patients with chronic conditions: a systematic review.
TLDR
Tai Chi appears to have physiological and psychosocial benefits and also appears to be safe and effective in promoting balance control, flexibility, and cardiovascular fitness in older patients with chronic conditions. Expand
Assessing "best evidence": issues in grading the quality of studies for systematic reviews.
  • K. Lohr, T. Carey
  • Medicine
  • The Joint Commission journal on quality improvement
  • 1999
TLDR
Clinicians, program administrators, and health policymakers can be confident in the overall strength of the evidence and study conclusions because teams developing authoritative systematic reviews can take certain steps to ensure that their approaches to grading the quality of articles meet applicable scientific standards. Expand
Evidence-based behavioral medicine: What is it and how do we achieve it?
TLDR
Use of these guidelines by clinicians, educators, policymakers, and researchers who design, report, and evaluate or review RCTs will strengthen the research itself and accelerate efforts to apply behavioral medicine research to improve the processes and outcomes of behavioral medicine practice. Expand
Yoga as a therapeutic intervention: a bibliometric analysis of published research studies.
  • S. Khalsa
  • Medicine
  • Indian journal of physiology and pharmacology
  • 2004
TLDR
Yoga therapy is a relatively novel and emerging clinical discipline within the broad category of mind-body medicine, whose growth is consistent with the burgeoning popularity of yoga in the West and the increasing worldwide use of alternative medicine. Expand
The methodological quality of randomized controlled trials of homeopathy, herbal medicines and acupuncture.
TLDR
The methodological quality of randomized controlled trials in three areas of complementary medicine was highly variable and the majority had important shortcomings in reporting and/or methodology. Expand
Does Mindfulness Meditation Improve Anxiety and Mood Symptoms? A Review of the Controlled Research
  • T. Toneatto, L. Nguyen
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie
  • 2007
TLDR
MBSR does not have a reliable effect on depression and anxiety, and the relation between practising mindfulness and changes in depression and Anxiety was equivocal. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...