Clinical significance of serum retinol binding protein-4 levels in patients with systemic sclerosis.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Retinol binding protein-4 (RBP-4) is a member of adipocytokines, which is potentially associated with fibrosis, vasodilation, and angiogenesis in addition to insulin resistance. OBJECTIVE To investigate the clinical significance of serum RBP4 levels in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), which is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by fibrosis and vasculopathy. METHODS Serum RBP4 levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 62 SSc patients and 19 healthy controls. RESULTS Similar to patients with chronic kidney disease, serum RBP4 levels inversely correlated with estimated glomerular filtration rate in SSc patients with renal dysfunction. Therefore, analyses were carried out by excluding SSc patients with estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) . Serum RBP4 levels were significantly lower in diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc) than in control subjects [median (25-75 percentile); 25.8 μg/mL (19.6-47.0) vs. 43.1 μg/mL (31.7-53.4), P < 0.05], while there was no significant difference between limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc) [28.0 μg/mL (25.4-43.3)] and control subjects. In both of dcSSc and lcSSc, patients with Raynaud's phenomenon had RBP4 levels significantly lower than those without. Furthermore, serum RBP4 levels inversely correlated with pulmonary function test results in dcSSc and with right ventricular systolic pressure in lcSSc. CONCLUSION  Decreased RBP4 levels are associated with the prevalence of Raynaud's phenomenon in dcSSc and lcSSc, with the severity of interstitial lung disease in dcSSc, and with the degree of pulmonary vascular involvement in lcSSc, suggesting the possible contribution of RBP4 to the pathological events in this disorder.

DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-3083.2011.04413.x

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@article{Toyama2013ClinicalSO, title={Clinical significance of serum retinol binding protein-4 levels in patients with systemic sclerosis.}, author={Takuji Toyama and Y Asano and Toru Takahashi and Naohiko Aozasa and Kaname Akamata and Shin-ei Noda and T. Taniguchi and Yohei Ichimura and Hayakazu Sumida and Zenshiro Tamaki and Yuri Masui and Yoshifumi Tada and Makoto Sugaya and Shin Sato and Takafumi Kadono}, journal={Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV}, year={2013}, volume={27 3}, pages={337-44} }