Recently, a new fibrinogen/fibrin degradation products(FDP) test using monoclonal antibodies against FDP(LPIA FDP-P: FDP-P) has been developed, which is able to measure FDP directly in plasma. The objective of this study is to clarify clinical significance of the test in the diagnosis of fibrinogenolysis and fibrinolysis in comparison with a conventional FDP test using polyclonal antibodies against fibrinogen(FDP-S) and D-dimer test using monoclonal antibodies against D-dimer(D-D). The monoclonal antibodies used in FDP-P test was shown to recognize fragment X, Y and D1 derived from fibrinogen digested by urokinase, and was also to recognize XDP fragments, D-dimer and D derived from cross-linked fibrin digested by tissue plasminogen activator using SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting analysis. There was a good correlation of FDP levels between FDP-P test and FDP-S test. However, levels of FDP in both tests were discrepant in several samples. There was a tendency that the levels of FDP were higher in FDP-S test than in FDP-P test. Such discrepancy was suggesting that soluble fibrin monomer complex(FM) was recognized by the antibodies used in FDP-S test, but not recognized by the antibodies used in FDP-P test. There was also a good correlation of FDP levels between FDP-P test and D-D test. However, the levels of FDP in both tests were discrepant in several samples. The levels of FDP were higher in FDP-P test than in D-D test. These discrepant samples had lower levels of antiplasmin and higher levels of plasmin antiplasmin complex(PIC), and also showed XDP fragments, D-dimer, X, Y, and D1 by using SDS-PAGE. These observations suggest that D-D test measures only fibrinolytic fragments, while FDP-P test measures fibrinogenolytic fragments as well as fibrinolysis. In results, the FDP-P test was confirmed to be a useful tool to examine fibrinogenolysis as well as fibrinolysis more specifically than the conventional FDP test.