Clinical prediction rules. A review and suggested modifications of methodological standards.

@article{Laupacis1997ClinicalPR,
  title={Clinical prediction rules. A review and suggested modifications of methodological standards.},
  author={Andreas Laupacis and Nadia Sekar and Ian G. Stiell},
  journal={JAMA},
  year={1997},
  volume={277 6},
  pages={
          488-94
        }
}
BACKGROUND Clinical prediction rules are decision-making tools for clinicians, containing variables from the history, physical examination, or simple diagnostic tests. [...] Key MethodDATA SOURCES Four general medical journals were manually searched for clinical prediction rules published from 1991 through 1994. STUDY SELECTION Four hundred sixty potentially eligible reports were identified, of which 30 were clinical prediction rules eligible for study.Expand
Research Paper: Searching for Clinical Prediction Rules in MEDLINE
TLDR
This study derived and validate an optimal search filter for retrieving clinical prediction rules, using the National Library of Medicine's MEDLINE database, and found several filters with high retrieval value.
Design Characteristics Influence Performance of Clinical Prediction Rules in Validation: A Meta-Epidemiological Study
TLDR
Validation studies with design shortcomings may overestimate the performance ofclinical prediction rules, and the quality of reporting among studies validating clinical prediction rules needs to be improved.
Developing an International Register of Clinical Prediction Rules for Use in Primary Care: A Descriptive Analysis
TLDR
The methodology used to create a register of clinical prediction rules relevant to primary care was described and the rules included in the register were summarized according to various characteristics.
Searching for clinical prediction rules in MEDLINE.
TLDR
This study derived and validate an optimal search filter for retrieving clinical prediction rules, using the National Library of Medicine's MEDLINE database, and found several filters with high retrieval value.
Clinical Prediction Rules for Children: A Systematic Review
TLDR
CPRs for children that are more assistive and less directive and include patients' values and preferences in decision-making may be helpful and suggest pediatric-specific changes to CPR methodology.
Methodological standards for the development and evaluation of clinical prediction rules: a review of the literature
TLDR
Adherence to the plethora of methodological standards, recommendations and frameworks at each stage will assist in the development of a rigorous CPR that has the potential to contribute usefully to clinical practice and decision-making and have a positive impact on patient care.
Clinical Prediction Rules for Physical Therapy Interventions: A Systematic Review
TLDR
Investigators planning future studies of physical therapy CPRs should consider including inception cohorts, using longer follow-up times, performing masked assessments, recruiting larger sample sizes, and incorporating psychological and psychosocial assessments.
Validation, updating and impact of clinical prediction rules: a review.
TLDR
An overview of the research steps that need to follow the development of diagnostic or prognostic prediction rules are provided, including validity assessment, updating, and impact assessment of clinical prediction rules.
Optimal search strategies for identifying sound clinical prediction studies in EMBASE
TLDR
The retrieval of sound clinical prediction studies from EMBASE is supported by several search strategies, including sensitivity, specificity, precision, and accuracy of search strategies calculated to identify which were the best.
Methodological Quality of Pediatric Clinical Prediction Rules
TLDR
Pediatric CPRs fulfilled most of the quality items, except outcome blindness assessment, inter-observer reproducibility evaluation and a priori sample size calculation, and comparison with adult CPRs methodological quality did not show any statistical significance.
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