Clinical practice

  title={Clinical practice},
  author={Myriam Van Winckel and Saskia vande Velde and Ruth De Bruyne and St{\'e}phanie Van Biervliet},
  journal={European Journal of Pediatrics},
The aim of this review is to give insight on the benefits and risks of vegetarianism, with special emphasis on vegetarian child nutrition. This eating pattern excluding meat and fish is being adopted by a growing number of people. A vegetarian diet has been shown to be associated with lower mortality of ischaemic heart disease and lower prevalence of obesity. Growth in children on a vegetarian diet including dairy has been shown to be similar to omnivorous peers. Although vegetarianism in… 

[Vegetarian diets in childhood].

The challenges to betaken into account are identified, highlighting that without these considerations and proper monitoring these diets cannot be carried out safely in childhood.

Vegetarian diets in health promotion and disease prevention.

This chapter provides some guidance in characterizing vegetarian dietary patterns, health benefits, and concerns as well as in identifying sources of various nutrients that may be marginal in many vegetarian diets.

Vegetarian Diets and Pediatric Obesity

This chapter looks into how vegetarian diets can address pediatric obesity and how to ensure adequate nutrition for vegetarian children.

Knowledge of Health Professionals Regarding Vegetarian Diets from Pregnancy to Adolescence: An Observational Study

The results of the study indicate that health professionals do not have complete and exhaustive knowledge about vegetarian diets and lack information on health outcomes and the adoption of a vegetarian diet throughout the different life cycles and nutrients.

Vegan or vegetarian diet and breast milk composition – a systematic review

On the basis of the current evidence, vegetarian and vegan mothers are capable of producing nutritionally valuable milk for their infants, as far as the appropriate supplementation compensating for breastfeeding mother’s nutritional requirements is provided.

Nutrient status and growth in vegan children.

Is vegan feeding advisable in first childhood?

Well-planned vegan diets allow an adequate development of children from birth and the healthcare professionals have an important role since they have to give the guidelines to introduce the complementary feeding.

Vegetarian diet in children

If a vegetarian diet is done properly and includes fortified foods it can promote health and reduce risk for major chronic diseases, and lead to low intake of essential nutrients.



Position of the American Dietetic Association: vegetarian diets.

[Nutrition and health--potential health benefits and risks of vegetarianism and limited consumption of meat in the Netherlands].

  • P. Dagnelie
  • Medicine
    Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde
  • 2003
A prudent, omnivorous diet with moderate amounts of animal products, in which red meat is partly replaced by white meat and fish, together with the consumption of ample amounts of unrefined vegetable products, is thought to be just as protective as a vegetarian diet.

Position of the American Dietetic Association: vegetarian diets.

Influence of vegetarian and mixed nutrition on selected haematological and biochemical parameters in children.

Favourable lipid and antioxidant parameters in vegetarian children reflect the optimal nutrition composition with respect to the prevention of free radical diseases and significantly higher and over threshold values of essential antioxidants.

Do vegetarians have a normal bone mass?

  • S. New
  • Medicine
    Osteoporosis International
  • 2004
From data available and given the limitations stipulated above, “vegetarians” do certainly appear to have “normal” bone mass, and the challenge is to determine what components of a vegetarian diet are of particular benefit to bone, at what levels and under which mechanisms.

Vegetarian diets in children and adolescents.

  • M. Amit
  • Medicine
    Paediatrics & child health
  • 2010
A well-balanced vegetarian diet can provide for the needs of children and adolescents, however, appropriate caloric intake should be ensured and growth monitored and adolescents on restricted vegetarian or other such diets should be screened for eating disorders.

Considerations in planning vegan diets: children.

Dietary intakes and nutrient status of vegetarian preschool children from a British national survey.

  • C. ThaneC. Bates
  • Medicine
    Journal of human nutrition and dietetics : the official journal of the British Dietetic Association
  • 2000
Although serum ferritin levels were inferior (particularly in vegetarians under 3 years old), the lower intakes of fat, cholesterol and sodium, and higher antioxidant vitamin intakes and status indices were potentially beneficial.

The dietary intake of a group of vegetarian children aged 7-11 years compared with matched omnivores

The haemoglobin levels of vegetarian children suggest that they need dietary advice to ensure optimal absorption of Fe, and they need to be as aware as omnivores of the need to reduce fat intake.

Vegetarian eating for children and adolescents.

  • Laurie DunhamL. Kollar
  • Medicine
    Journal of pediatric health care : official publication of National Association of Pediatric Nurse Associates & Practitioners
  • 2006