Clinical pharmacology in the Middle Ages: Principles that presage the 21st century

  title={Clinical pharmacology in the Middle Ages: Principles that presage the 21st century},
  author={Dr D. Craig Brater and Walter J. Daly},
  journal={Clinical Pharmacology \& Therapeutics},
Our reflex is that these so-called physicians were stargazing, imbecilic quacks. The purpose of this essay is to show that many of our current principles of drug evaluation and therapeutics were considered and articulated by scholars of this era. We have underestimated their wisdom, which is even more remarkable when one considers the setting in which they worked. Until printing became common after 1450, written communication occurred by way of handwritten manuscripts, laboriously prepared in… 

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