Clinical pharmacology in the Middle Ages: Principles that presage the 21st century

  title={Clinical pharmacology in the Middle Ages: Principles that presage the 21st century},
  author={Dr D. Craig Brater and Walter J. Daly},
  journal={Clinical Pharmacology \& Therapeutics},
Our reflex is that these so-called physicians were stargazing, imbecilic quacks. The purpose of this essay is to show that many of our current principles of drug evaluation and therapeutics were considered and articulated by scholars of this era. We have underestimated their wisdom, which is even more remarkable when one considers the setting in which they worked. Until printing became common after 1450, written communication occurred by way of handwritten manuscripts, laboriously prepared in… 

Galen reconsidered. Studying drug properties and the foundations of medicine in the Dutch Republic ca. 1550-1700

Studying Galen’s place in these investigations of drug properties by Dutch physicians sheds new light on how his works were interpreted in the sixteenth and seventeenth century, essential for understanding of the Scientific Revolution and the investigation of nature in the Dutch Republic.

The Late Medieval Kidney—Nephrology in and about the Fourteenth Century

The Late Medieval Period was a decisive period in the history of medicine. It was then that medical education was integrated into the universities that were coming into existence and when medicine

Experimental medicine 1000 years ago

The study critically evaluated and documented the contributions to the development of the scientific method and experimental medicine during that medieval Islamic era in several areas including critical appraisal of previous knowledge, clinical observations and case reports, clinical therapeutic trials, drug potency trials, experimentation on animals, dissection and dissection experiments as well as postmortem examinations.

The European Association for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics—25 years’ young and going strong

The current executive committee members of EACPT recall this history, describe the evolution of the association over the last quarter of a century, and provide an update on the activities and ambitions of the Association today.

The history and ups and downs of herbal medicines usage

Herbal medicine usage has been based since ancient times almost exclusively on experience coupled with trial and error and is chiefly centred on renewed interest by society and advancing scientific information regarding plants and their constituents.

Legacy of Avicenna and evidence-based medicine.

On Anecdote and Antidotes: Poison Trials in Sixteenth-Century Europe

It is argued that poison trials had an important function in both medical testing and medical writing in the period between 1524–1580, and physicians did imbue the outcome of poison trials with considerable epistemological weight.

The Therapeutic Test: An Ancient Malady in the 21 st Century

To reduce the frequency of unwarranted therapeutic tests, health-care professionals and educators must take steps to rectify the problem.

Medical Herbalism and Herbal Clinical Research: A Global Perspective

The review emphasized that drug development from a traditional herb can take the route of standardization of the herb or its extract for immediate use without further chemical manipulations, or proceed along the line of isolation and other manipulations aimed at optimising bioactivity.

A Review on Herbal Medicine: Past, Present and Future

The implementation of quality check during production as well as cultivation is providing the new strength to herbal medicine in market.



Medieval Contributions to the Search for Truth in Clinical Medicine

As these examples suggest, prescriptions used in Western Europe during the Middle Ages tended to be complex and expensive, often assembled from ingredients obtained over great distances. Although

Peter's Medicine--lessons from the 13th century.

  • W. J. Daly
  • History
    Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association
  • 1998
The Middle Ages should be known as a period of intellectual activity rather than historical glamor. It was also a period of hardship, pestilence, and violence. But it was the period of true giants

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