Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) has become a standard procedure for end-stage cirrhosis. The purpose of this anlysis is to give a brief overview on the clinical outcome of OLT. According to a current survey of primary indications for liver transplantation in Europe, virus-induced cirrhosis represents the largest proportion with 25%. The next frequent indication is alcoholic cirrhosis with 19%. Cholestatic diseases amount to 13%, malignancy in cirrhosis 10%, and acute hepatic failure 10%. The outcome of these main indications will be discussed and critical considerations pointed out. Patient survival rates demonstrate for cirrhosis at 1-and 5-year about 80% and 70%, respectively. In acute hepatic failure, more patients are lost in the perioperative period. Not surprisingly, patients transplanted for malignancy show decreased long-term survival. Considering an average of 5-year survival in patients with end-stage liver disease of 20% or less, excellent patient survival can be achieved by liver transplantation.