Clinical indices for orthodontic mini-implants.

@article{Motoyoshi2011ClinicalIF,
  title={Clinical indices for orthodontic mini-implants.},
  author={Mitsuru Motoyoshi},
  journal={Journal of oral science},
  year={2011},
  volume={53 4},
  pages={
          407-12
        }
}
Orthodontic mini-implants were recently developed and have been widely used in clinics. However, loosening of mini-implants, as well as infection and swelling of mucosal tissue at the placement site, are often observed during orthodontic treatment. Thus, clinical indices are greatly needed for the safe use of orthodontic mini-implants. This article presents information on mini-implants and offers suggestions on indications, placement technique, optimum design, and evaluation of the placement… Expand
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