Clinical importance of preoperative detection of the apical lymph node metastasis in patients with breast carcinoma.


INTRODUCTION According to the revised staging system for breast cancer, the infraclavicular node status has become more important because the involvement of the apical nodes now changes the stage of the disease for all tumour sizes. In this study, we analysed the stage migration among our patients treated with mastectomy for breast cancer. METHODS 44… (More)


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