Clinical importance of pre-morteum blood lymphocytes in cadaver donor tissue typing.

Abstract

We have refined our immunomagnetic bead (IM bead) procedures to isolate pure and viable lymphocyte subpopulation from pre-morteum (PM) blood for cadaver donor HLA typing, preliminary and final crossmatches (XMs). The results of 1220 XMs were compared using T/B lymphocytes isolated either from PM blood or spleen/lymphnode (SPLN) tissue. IM bead technique was used to isolate T/B cells from PM blood and nylon wool column (NWC) technique was used to isolate T/B cells from SPLN. When we compared the outcome of 800 T-cell crossmatches using T cells from PM blood or SPLN of 5 separate cadaver donors, NWC TXMs tended to be more falsenegative for high PRA (> 10%, total 500 XMs) as well as low PRA (< 10%, total 300 XMs) did not reach statistical significance. In contrast, NW BXM (420 B XM) were found to be far more false negative than IM bead BXM regardless of the PRA of the patients. In order to ensure that NWC BXMs were indeed false negative, 23 sera with known anti-DR antibodies were BXMed where antigen-specific B cells were isolated by both the techniques. Our results showed that IM bead BXM identified the DR specificities greater than 90% of the time, the titers of ab specificities were stronger (1:8). In comparison, NWB cell XMs were weak (titers 1:2), and the false negative rate for some ab was as high as 73%. Using IM bead and NWC techniques we compared our turnaround time (TAT) for cadaver donor typing, preliminary and final XMs.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Cite this paper

@article{Vaidya1995ClinicalIO, title={Clinical importance of pre-morteum blood lymphocytes in cadaver donor tissue typing.}, author={Smita Vaidya and P Orchard and Natalia Schroeder and Robert D Haneke and Kelsie Brooks and Anita Thomas and A Corba and Ayman Asfour and Joseph Cole Fish}, journal={Clinical transplantation}, year={1995}, volume={9 3 Pt 1}, pages={165-70} }