CYP3A genotypes of donors but not those of the patients increase the risk of acute rejection in renal transplant recipients on calcineurin inhibitors: a pilot study
AIM Meta-analyses and large cohort studies provide confusing results on the association of the CYP3A5 6986A>G allelic variant and adverse outcomes in kidney transplant recipients under tacrolimus-based immunosuppressive regimen. A residual effect of CYP3A5 recipient genotype is unexpected if kidney transplant recipients have similar exposure of tacrolimus. PATIENTS & METHODS We have undertaken a population-based, observational study, to investigate all the consecutive patients who received a kidney transplant at the Necker hospital between 2005 and 2015, who were treated with tacrolimus and for whom the CYP3A5 genotype was available. RESULTS & CONCLUSION We analyzed 577 patients followed for up to 5 years. We found a significant association of CYP3A5 genotypes with tacrolimus daily dose as well as with tacrolimus dose-adjusted concentrations. We however found no association of CYP3A5 genotypes with histology scores on biopsies, measured renal function, biopsy-proven acute rejection episodes and graft survival.