Clinical impact of antibody formation to botulinum toxin A in children.


We studied the clinical impact of neutralizing antibodies to botulinum toxin A that occurred during long-term treatment of children between 1993 and 2001. Antibodies were found in high titers in 35 of 110 (31.8%) samples from individual patients. Antibody formation correlated with secondary nonresponse (p < 0.001). The most significant risk factors for… (More)