Infectious causes of seizures and epilepsy in the developing world.
- Pratibha Singhi
- Developmental medicine and child neurology
The authors reviewed the records of 42 patients with HIV infection and status epilepticus (SE). Brain tumor and infection were the most common etiologies. The median duration of SE was 2.0 +/- 10 hours. Most patients (37 [88%]) responded to IV benzodiazepine or phenytoin treatment. Nevertheless, 12 (29%) patients died and 15 (36%) developed new neurologic deficits. In patients with HIV infection, aggressive management of seizures may limit the risk of SE.