Rapid diagnosis of equine influenza by highly sensitive silver amplification immunochromatography system
In this study, the clinical usefulness of silver amplification immunochromatography (SAI) influenza virus detection kits, which employed a photographic development technology to increase the sensitivity of the conventional immunochromatographic assay was evaluated. Influenza A and B virus strains of nasopharyngeal aspirates obtained from influenza patients were tested at different dilutions on the SAI system and conventional immunochromatographic assay kit (ESPLINE Influenza A & B-N), and detection limits were calculated for comparison. The detection ability of the SAI system was 8 times higher for Influenza A viruses and 32-64 times higher for Influenza B viruses. Then 1118 respiratory specimens were obtained from patients who presented with influenza-like symptoms between 2009 and 2012. The sensitivities of the SAI system were 91.2% for type A and 94.4% for type B viruses and higher than those of the conventional kit. The SAI system also showed excellent specificities, 95.8% for type A and 98.0% for type B viruses, and was able to detect influenza viruses even within 6h after the disease onset with 90% sensitivity. In conclusion, the SAI system is useful for diagnosis of influenza from early stages of the illness.