Clinical commentary with video sequences Paroxysmal tonic upgaze of childhood with co-existent absence epilepsy


Paroxysmal tonic upgaze (PTU) is a childhood oculomotor syndrome of unclear etiology characterized by episodic tonic upward eye deviation with neck flexion. Neuroimaging findings are often normal and the electroencephalography during episodes is typically normal. We describe a 2-yearold boy who presented with macrocephaly, hypotonia, developmental delay and… (More)


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