Clinical characteristics of the West Nile fever outbreak, Israel, 2000.

@article{Chowers2001ClinicalCO,
  title={Clinical characteristics of the West Nile fever outbreak, Israel, 2000.},
  author={Michal Yael Chowers and Ruth Lang and F. Ibrahim Nassar and Debby Ben-David and Michael Giladi and Elias Rubinshtein and Avi Itzhaki and Joseph Mishal and Yardena Siegman-Igra and Ruth Kitzes and Neora Pick and Zvi Landau and Dana Justin Wolf and Hanna Bin and Edward Mendelson and Silvio Daniel Pitlik and Miriam Weinberger},
  journal={Emerging Infectious Diseases},
  year={2001},
  volume={7},
  pages={675 - 678}
}
West Nile (WN) virus is endemic in Israel. The last reported outbreak had occurred in 1981. From August to October 2000, a large-scale epidemic of WN fever occurred in Israel; 417 cases were confirmed, with 326 hospitalizations. The main clinical presentations were encephalitis (57.9%), febrile disease (24.4%), and meningitis (15.9%). Within the study group, 33 (14.1%) hospitalized patients died. Mortality was higher among patients >70 years (29.3%). On multivariate regressional analysis… CONTINUE READING

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