Clinical characteristics and outcomes of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction: lessons from epidemiological studies.


Recent epidemiological studies have demonstrated that nearly half of all patients with heart failure (HF) have preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (HFPEF). Compared to those with reduced EF, patients with HFPEF are older, more likely to be women, less likely to have coronary artery disease, and more likely to have hypertension and atrial… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jjcc.2009.09.003