Clinical and psychological effects of excessive screen time on children

@article{DominguesMontanari2017ClinicalAP,
  title={Clinical and psychological effects of excessive screen time on children},
  author={Sophie Domingues-Montanari},
  journal={Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health},
  year={2017},
  volume={53}
}
Over recent years, screen time has become a more complicated concept, with an ever‐expanding variety of electronic media devices available throughout the world. Television remains the predominant type of screen‐based activity among children. However, computer use, video games and ownership of devices, such as tablets and smart phones, are occurring from an increasingly young age. Screen time, in particular, television viewing, has been negatively associated with the development of physical and… 
Youth health in a digital world: Approaching screen use in clinical practice
TLDR
The authors explore the impact of screen use on clinical interactions, and patient care, suggesting a process for addressing screen use and provide specific tools including a reflective query for HCPs to better evaluate theimpact of their own screen usage, ‘the Coaching Stance’ and TGROW, a questioning approach derived from coaching theory.
Effect of Screen Time on Physical and Mental Health and Eating Habits During COVID-19 Lockdown in Lebanon
TLDR
There was an interplay among children’s PAs, eating behaviors, depression, sleep problems, and screen time in this pandemic era, and guiding children on the correct use of electronic devices and helping them eat healthy are paramount during this COVID-19 pandemic.
Electronic Media and Early Childhood: A Review.
TLDR
High frequent media use in early childhood is likely to have a negative impact on psychosocial development, positive effects such as knowledge transfer may be seen beyond the age of 18 months, as parental media use is a strong predictor of child media habits.
Excess Screen Time - Impact on Childhood Development and Management: A Review
In recent years children are immersed in both traditional and new forms of digital media around the globe. Screen time is now embedded in the daily lives of young children beginning from infancy.
Excessive screen time and lower psychosocial well-being among preschool children.
Sedated by the Screen
The social use of time has been progressively affected by the presence of screen devices in people's daily lives. These devices are of various types: television, tablet, computer, smartphones, etc.
Screen Time Exposure in Preschool Children with ADHD: A Cross-Sectional Exploratory Study from South India
TLDR
Structured parent training programs for children with preschool ADHD and providing developmentally appropriate interventions are essential in curtailing screen time exposure and also to address parental stress.
Cross-sectional study on prevalence and consequences of screen time on physical and mental health in children in the era of COVID-19
TLDR
This study has paved the way for the need of larger study and development of guidelines on impact of screen time on children in developing nations where screen time guidelines is yet to be set more so in era of COVID 19 pandemic.
Digital screen time and its effect on preschoolers’ behavior in China: results from a cross-sectional study
TLDR
The study suggests that excessive screen time may be a detrimental factor in the development of preschoolers and caution should be taken in shortening the screen time of preschooler.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 65 REFERENCES
Children, Adolescents, and the Media
TLDR
Media influences on children and teenagers should be recognized by schools, policymakers, product advertisers, and entertainment producers.
Prevalence of Infant Television Viewing and Maternal Depression Symptoms
TLDR
In the study sample of 0 to 2 year olds, the odds of TV viewing increased by more than a quarter for each additional month of child's age and by as much as half when the mother screened positive for depression symptoms.
Electronic screens in children’s bedrooms and adiposity, physical activity and sleep: Do the number and type of electronic devices matter?
TLDR
A higher number of screens in a child’s bedroom was associated with higher adiposity, more total screen time and lower sleep efficiency, and these findings are increasingly relevant to health promotion strategies.
Parental cultural attitudes and beliefs regarding young children and television.
TLDR
Differences in parental beliefs/attitudes regarding the effects of media on early childhood development may help explain growing racial/ethnic disparities in child media viewing/habits, but more research is needed to understand the cultural nuances of the observed differences.
Social–Cognitive Predictors of Low-Income Parents’ Restriction of Screen Time Among Preschool-Aged Children
TLDR
Structural equation modeling results indicated that greater self-efficacy to restrict screen time and greater perceived importance of restricting child screen use were associated with greater restriction ofChild screen use, after controlling for parent screen time.
Screen-based activities and physical complaints among adolescents from the Nordic countries
TLDR
It is indicated that time spent on screen-based activity is a contributing factor to physical complaints among young people, and that effects accumulate across different types of screen- based activities.
Influence of Limit-Setting and Participation in Physical Activity on Youth Screen Time
TLDR
Parental rules regarding screen time and participation in physical activity play a role in the amount of screen time among children and adolescents and programs that encourage limit-setting by parents and promote physical activity may reduceScreen time among youth.
...
...