Clinical and microbiological determinants of ailing dental implants.

@article{Tabanella2009ClinicalAM,
  title={Clinical and microbiological determinants of ailing dental implants.},
  author={Giorgio Tabanella and Hessam Nowzari and J{\o}rgen Slots},
  journal={Clinical implant dentistry and related research},
  year={2009},
  volume={11 1},
  pages={
          24-36
        }
}
BACKGROUND The failure of the host tissue to establish or maintain osseointegration around dental implants is due to either occlusal or parafunctional forces, premature loading, ill-directed stress, or microbial infection. [...] Key Method Sites with peri-implant (radiographic bone loss beyond the third implant thread) and peri-implant healthy tissues (radiographic bone level above the first implant thread) were identified in periapical radiographs using a long-cone paralleling projection technique…Expand
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Introduction Peri-implantitis is a bacterially induced inflammatory reaction surrounding dental implants leading to loss of supporting bone. Microbial biofilm development seems to play an importantExpand
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It appears that implant surface properties (roughness and type of coating) may influence the failure pattern and various surface properties may therefore be indicated for different anatomical and host conditions. Expand
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In order to prevent such a bacterial shift, the following measures can be considered: periodontal health in the remaining dentition (to prevent bacterial translocation), the avoidance of deepened peri-implant pockets, and the use of a relatively smooth abutment and implant surface. Expand
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The impact on the peri-implant microbiota of crown restorations; implant type; length of time of loading; history of implant or periodontal infections; and whether implants replaced single or multiple teeth was examined; and microbial changes were observed the longer the implants had been in function. Expand
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Based upon currently available literature, the reformation of biologic width around dental implants, microgap if placed at or below the bone crest, occlusal overload, and implant crest module may be the most likely causes of early implant bone loss. Expand
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Data and concepts regarding the diagnostic value of traditional periodontal evaluation parameters, such as pocket probing depth, bleeding on probing, attachment loss, gingival and plaque indices, and the amount of attached gingiva are discussed. Expand
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In this investigation the subgingival microbiologic flora associated with 17 gingival tissue-protruding dental implants was studied with direct phasecontrast microscopy. Expand
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