Clinical and laboratory observation systemic lupus erythematosus and acute lymphocytic leukemia: An unusual case

Abstract

The association of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and myeloproliferative and lymphoproliferative malignancies is widely reported. There is scarce information available with regards to the association of SLE and malignancy in children. Usually, SLE precedes the onset of lymphoproliferative disease, but the neoplasia can occur earlier or even simultaneously. There are only five pediatric cases of SLE and associated acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) reported in literature. All of these except one satisfied the revised American College of Rheumatology Criteria for SLE. Three of these cases developed SLE several years after successful treatment of ALL. While two cases reported had simultaneous onset of SLE and ALL, one of the cases in this two-patient series, did not fulfill ≥4 criteria for diagnosis of SLE. We present a case of a 3-year-old boy with SLE and coexistent ALL. To the best of our knowledge, only two such cases of simultaneous presentation of both these diseases are present in literature.

DOI: 10.4103/0971-5851.92816

Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Maheshwari2011ClinicalAL, title={Clinical and laboratory observation systemic lupus erythematosus and acute lymphocytic leukemia: An unusual case}, author={Anu Maheshwari and Meenu Pandey and Bimbadhar Rath and Jagdish Chandra and S. P. Singh and Sunita Sharma}, booktitle={Indian journal of medical and paediatric oncology : official journal of Indian Society of Medical & Paediatric Oncology}, year={2011} }