A granulate of biphasic calcium phosphate ceramic (BCP), composed of 50% hydroxyapatite and 50% beta-tricalcium phosphate, was used, in man, to fill defects resulting from cyst enucleation. The defects were covered with e-PTFE membranes, and at the re-entry procedure after six months, it was possible to see that the defects were filled by a newly formed tissue with the macroscopic features of mature bone. Smooth titanium implants were inserted in the newly regenerated tissue. Histological examination of this tissue showed that most of the particles were lined by newly formed bone. Some particles were undergoing resorption processes and were being gradually substituted by newly formed bone. No inflammatory infiltrate was present. Our results point, in conclusion, to a good biocompatibility and osteoconductivity of this material.