Clinical Hypnosis For Smoking Cessation: Preliminary Results of a Three-Session Intervention

  title={Clinical Hypnosis For Smoking Cessation: Preliminary Results of a Three-Session Intervention},
  author={Gary R. Elkins and Mohammad Hasan Rajab},
  journal={International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis},
  pages={73 - 81}
  • G. ElkinsM. H. Rajab
  • Published 1 January 2004
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
This study presents preliminary data regarding hypnosis treatment for smoking cessation in a clinical setting. [] Key Method Thirty smokers enrolled in an HMO were referred by their primary physician for treatment. Twenty-one patients returned after an initial consultation and received hypnosis for smoking cessation. At the end of treatment, 81% of those patients reported that they had stopped smoking, and 48% reported abstinence at 12 months posttreatment. Most patients (95%) were satisfied with the…

Group hypnosis vs. relaxation for smoking cessation in adults: a cluster-randomised controlled trial

A single session of group hypnotherapy does not appear to be more effective for smoking cessation than a group relaxation session.

A Meta-Analysis of Gender, Smoking Cessation, and Hypnosis:A Brief Communication

Results of a meta-analysis showed that males were more likely to report smoking abstinence than female participants following hypnosis-based treatments for smoking, consistent with the nonhypnosis literature suggesting that females have a more difficult time achieving smoking abstinence.

A Multifaceted Hypnosis Smoking-Cessation Program: Enhancing Motivation and Goal Attainment

  • Joseph P. GreenS. Lynn
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis
  • 2017
It is argued that the problem of motivation, that is, suboptimal or fluctuating motivation to resist smoking urges and to comply with the demands of treatment, commonly undermines treatment seeking and adherence, appreciably reducing the success rates of smoking-cessation programs.


Overall, the findings of research indicate that hypnosis used as an adjunctive to other medical or psychological interventions increases the efficacy and/or efficiency of these interventions.

Ability of Hypnosis to Facilitate Movement Through Stages of Change for Smoking Cessation

It is hypothesized that hypnosis would facilitate significantly greater movement through the stages of change toward smoking cessation in contrast to psychoeducation and two-factor split-plot ANOVAs showed significant changes within groups.

Effect of hypnotherapy on smoking cessation among secondary school students

Hypnotherapy has a therapeutic effectiveness in achieving a high rate of smoking cessation among secondary school students and there was a highly significant difference in total score of smoking withdrawal index before and after intervention.

The Analysis of Hypnotherapy Model for Smokers

The results of the study prove that hypnotherapy affects the decrease in the intensity of teenage smoking and can be an alternative technique for teens in reducing their smoking intensity.

A Data-Analytic Evaluation of Smoking Cessation via Online Hypnosis

In this article we report the observations of our field study which investigates the success rates of online hypnosis for smoking cessation. Following an international call in Germany, Austria and


Findings of research indicate that hypnosis used as an adjunctive to other medical or psychological interventions increases the efficacy and/or efficiency of these interventions.

A Prospective, Randomized Trial in the Emergency Department of Suggestive Audio-Therapy under Deep Sedation for Smoking Cessation

Suggestive audio-therapy delivered during deep sedation in the ED did not significantly decrease self-reported smoking behavior, and study endpoints were self- reported complete cessation and decrease of half or more in total cigarettes smoked per day.



Hypnosis treatment for smoking: an evaluative review.

  • J. Holroyd
  • Psychology
    The International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis
  • 1980
17 studies of hypnosis for treatment of smoking published since 1970 were reviewed and more than 50% of smokers remained abstinent in programs in which there were several hours of treatment, intense interpersonal interaction, and adjunctive or follow-up contact.

Descriptive outcomes of the american lung association of ohio hypnotherapy smoking cessation program

A randomly selected sample of 452 participants completed telephone interviews 5 to 15 months after attending a treatment session of hypnotherapy smoking cessation treatment, and only 20% of participants who used pharmaceutical products to assist with smoking cessation took them for the recommended treatment duration.

Hypnosis and suggestion-based approaches to smoking cessation: An examination of the evidence

  • J. P. GreenS. Lynn
  • Psychology
    The International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis
  • 2000
It seems justified to classify hypnosis as a “possibly efficacious” treatment for smoking cessation, as it is impossible to rule out cognitive/behavioral and educational interventions as the source of positive treatment gains associated with hypnosis.

Hypnotic techniques for smoking control and psychogenic impotence.

  • H. Crasilneck
  • Medicine, Psychology
    The American journal of clinical hypnosis
  • 1990
The most successful method has been to see the patient for 3 consecutive days with a follow-up session about 3 weeks later, with about 81% of patients stopped smoking.

The uncertain relationship between hypnotizability and smoking treatment outcome.

  • J. Holroyd
  • Psychology
    The International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis
  • 1991
Neither immediate quitting nor continued abstinence correlated with hypnotizability, and variables hypothesized to predict smoking cessation also were not correlated with outcome: number of treatment sessions, need to smoke, motivation to quit, and gender.

The effects of hypnotic susceptibility on reducing smoking behavior treated by an hypnotic technique.

It was found that significantly more Ss of higher susceptibility reduced by 50% or more than did less susceptible Ss, which is not unlike the distribution of hypnotic susceptibility in the general population.

Medical referrals for hypnotherapy: opinions of physicians, residents, family practice outpatients, and psychiatry outpatients.

Assessment of attitudes, experiences, training levels, and interest in future education regarding the use of hypnosis by staff physicians, medical resident physicians, family practice outpat patients, and psychiatry outpatients in Central Texas indicates that the majority of physicians and residents had received no prior training and even fewer had experienced hypnosis.

Hypnosis in the Alleviation of the Smoking Habit

An approach to alleviating the smoking habit is outlined when emphasis is placed on motivation in the employment of hypnobehavioral methods. Creative Imagination and hypnotic susceptibility and their

The epidemiology of tobacco use and dependence.

The health benefits of smoking cessation.

  • J. Samet
  • Medicine, Political Science
    The Medical clinics of North America
  • 1991
The review of the evidence in the 1990 Report of the Surgeon General led to major conclusions that establish smoking cessation as a clear priority for health care providers.