Clinical Assessment in Acute Heart Failure.


H eart failure (HF) is defined as “a complex clinical syn drome that can result from any structural or functional cardiac disorder that impairs the ability of the ventricle to fill with, or eject blood.” HF has an estimated overall prev­ alence of 2.6%. It is becoming more com­ mon in adults older than 65 years, because of increased survival after acute… (More)


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