Climatic limits for the present distribution of beech (Fagus L.) species in the world

  title={Climatic limits for the present distribution of beech (Fagus L.) species in the world},
  author={Jingyun Fang and Martin J. Lechowicz},
  journal={Journal of Biogeography},
Aim Beech (Fagus L., Fagaceae) species are representative trees of temperate deciduous broadleaf forests in the Northern Hemisphere. [] Key Method Results Statistics for thermal and moisture climatic conditions at the lower/ southern and upper/northern limits of all world beech species are presented. The first two PCA components accounted for 70% and 68% of the overall variance in lower/southern and upper/northern range limits, respectively. The first PCA axis represented a thermal gradient, and the second a…

Bioclimatology of beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) in the Eastern Alps: spatial and altitudinal climatic signals identified through a tree‐ring network

Aim  To identify the dominant spatial patterns of Fagus sylvatica radial growth in the Eastern Alps, and to understand their relationships to climate variation and bioclimatic gradients.

Nature protection areas of Europe are insufficient to preserve the threatened beetle Rosalia alpina (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae): evidence from species distribution models and conservation gap analysis

1. Natura 2000 network (N2000) and national protected areas (NPAs) are recognised as the most important core ‘units’ for biological conservation in Europe.

The relationship between niche breadth and range size of beech (Fagus) species worldwide

This work explores whether the commonly observed positive range size–niche breadth relationship exists for Fagus, one of the most dominant and widespread broad‐leaved deciduous tree genera in

Close anthropogenic control of Fagus sylvatica establishment and expansion in a Swedish protected landscape – implications for forest history and conservation

Aim   The dominant forces behind the expansion of Fagus sylvatica (beech) in northern Europe during the late Holocene have been much debated. Palaeoecological analyses were performed for a


For the Republic of Moldova, the European beech forests (Fagus sylvatica specie) represent their most eastern areal in the spatial distribution, in Europe. During the last century there have been

Assessing the environmental and dispersal controls on Fagus grandifolia distributions in the Great Lakes region

This paper assesses the relative importance of environmental filtering and dispersal limitations as controls on the western range limit of Fagus grandifolia, a common mesic late‐successional tree

The Impact of Adverse Weather and Climate on the Width of European Beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) Tree Rings in Southeastern Europe

European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) is the most important deciduous tree species in Europe. According to different climate scenarios, there is a relatively high probability of a massive decline in

The Altitudinal Limit of Beech Woods in the Northern Apennines (Italy). Its Spatial Pattern and Some

The spatial pattern of the altitudinal limit of beech woods in the Northern Apennines and its correlation with the Fagus sylvatica thermal requirements were studied. The study area was the whole



A relict population of Fagus grandifolia var. mexicana at the Acatlan Volcano, Mexico: structure, litterfall, phenology and dendroecology

The results indicate that the relict beech population at the Acatlan Volcano should be able to maintain itself, if not severely disturbed by humans or by climatic changes related to global warming.

Climatic control of the distribution and abundance of beech (Fagus L.) in Europe and North America.

Percentages of beech (Fagus L.) pollen in net- implies that the continental-scale patterns of beech works of surface samples from Europe and eastern North abundance are in equilibrium with modern

Evidence of a physiological basis for the boreal-deciduous forest ecotone in North America

The observed northern limit of the deciduous forest formation in North America is shown to agree closely with the reported −40°C average annual minimum temperature isotherm. This indicates that

Climatic range and distribution of Chinese Fagus species.

. The distribution of five Chinese Fagus species was mapped, and their geographical range clarified. Their climate range was characterized following Thornthwaite (1948) for moisture and temperature

Structure and Floristic Composition of the Beech Forest in Taiwan

In Taiwan, Fagus hayatae Palib. ex Hayata (Taiwan beech) is of particular interest because of its limited and relic-like distribution within the Lalashan Nature Reserve in northern Taiwan. It forms

Ecology of beech forests in the northern hemisphere.

This research found out why beeches are such widespread successful trees and analyzed geographical trends in woody species composition and forest architecture to answer several questions.


On the mountains in humid East and South Asia, arboreal life-forms at the forest limit depend on their latitude relative to c. 20 o N: to the north there are mostly evergreen needle-leaved trees with

Climatic controls on distribution of Fagus crenata forests in Japan

Abstract We used classification tree analysis to develop a climate-based distribution model for Fagus crenata forests in Japan. Four climatic variables judged likely to affect the distribution of the

Deciduous Forests of Eastern north America

The author's purpose is stated to be: -(1) to give a broad and co-ordinated account of the entire deciduous forest, portraying first what is (or was) present in any geographic area and attempting to

Phylogeny of Fagus L. (Fagaceae) based on morphological data

  • T. Denk
  • Biology
    Plant Systematics and Evolution
  • 2003
Phylogenetic analysis of all modern and two fossil species of Fagus based on morphological characters strongly supports the subgenus Engleriana as a monophyletic group and weak differentiation is suggested during its early phase of dispersal in the Oligocene, accounting for the low resolution among its fossil and modern members.