Climatic Variability in Sixteenth-Century Europe and its Social Dimension: A Synthesis

@article{Pfister1999ClimaticVI,
  title={Climatic Variability in Sixteenth-Century Europe and its Social Dimension: A Synthesis},
  author={Christian Pfister and Rudolf Br{\'a}zdil},
  journal={Climatic Change},
  year={1999},
  volume={43},
  pages={5-53}
}
The introductory paper to this special issue of Climatic Change summarizes the results of an array of studies dealing with the reconstruction of climatic trends and anomalies in sixteenth-century Europe and their impact on the natural and the social world. Areas discussed include glacier expansion in the Alps, the frequency of natural hazards (floods in central and southern Europe and storms on the Dutch North Sea coast), the impact of climate deterioration on grain prices and wine production… Expand
EVIDENCE ON CLIMATE IN SIXTEENTH-CENTURY EUROPE
The known documentary climatic evidence from six European countries -Switzerland, Germany, the Czech Republic, ancient Hungary, Italy and Spain -is presented and classified in this article and thenExpand
Extreme weather and social vulnerability in colonial Antigua, Lesser Antilles, 1770-1890
This thesis presents an history of extreme climate events in Antigua, a former British colony in the Lesser Antilles, spanning the years 1770-1890. It employs a range of documentary sources from thatExpand
European climate of the past 500 years: new challenges for historical climatology
Temperature reconstructions from Europe for the past 500 years based on documentary and instrumental data are analysed. First, the basic documentary data sources, including information about climateExpand
Climate variability and changes in the agricultural cycle in the Czech Lands from the sixteenth century to the present
This contribution analyses the influence of long-term climate variability on changes in the agricultural cycle in the Czech Lands over the course of the past five centuries. Series of crop- andExpand
Social vulnerability to climate in the "Little Ice Age": an example from Central Europe in the early 1770s
Abstract. The paper is oriented on social vulnerability to climate in Switzerland and in the Czech Lands during the early 1770s. Documentary sources of climate related to man-made archives areExpand
Climatic Extremes, Recurrent Crises and Witch Hunts: Strategies of European Societies in Coping with Exogenous Shocks in the Late Sixteenth and Early Seventeenth Centuries
In the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, continental Europe north of the Alps was afflicted by a 13-year cycle of frequent cold and rainy summers which was the result of a series ofExpand
Documentary data and the study of past droughts: a global state of the art
Abstract. The use of documentary evidence to investigate past climatic trends and events has become a recognised approach in recent decades. This contribution presents the state of the art in itsExpand
Historical Climatology In Europe – The State Of The Art
This paper discusses the state of European research in historical climatology. This field of science and an overview of its development are described in detail. Special attention is given to theExpand
The Little Ice Age, the climatic background of present-day warming in Europe
The Little Ice Age (LIA) constitutes the coldest period of the last millennia in Europe. A wide range of natural and historical records show evidence of colder climate conditions between the 14th andExpand
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences Relationships between precipitation and floods in the fluvial basins of Central Spain based on documentary sources from the end of the 16 th century
This study presents the results of a historic reconstruction based upon documentary sources of precipitation and floods during the last fifty years of the 16th century in Central Spain. We used dataExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...