Climatic Fluctuations and Early Farming in West and East Asia

@article{BarYosef2011ClimaticFA,
  title={Climatic Fluctuations and Early Farming in West and East Asia},
  author={O. Bar-Yosef},
  journal={Current Anthropology},
  year={2011},
  volume={52},
  pages={S175 - S193}
}
This paper presents a Levantine model for the origins of cultivation of various wild plants as motivated by the vagaries of the climatic fluctuation of the Younger Dryas within the context of the mosaic ecology of the region that affected communities that were already sedentary or semisedentary. In addition to holding to their territories, these communities found ways to intensify their food procurement strategy by adopting intentional growth of previously known annuals, such as a variety of… Expand
The Beginnings of Agriculture in China
  • D. Cohen
  • Sociology
  • Current Anthropology
  • 2011
By 9000 cal BP, the first sedentary villages, marking the Early Neolithic, are present in Northeast China, North China, and the Middle and Lower Yangtze regions, but plant and animal domesticates doExpand
Multiple Origins of Agriculture in Eurasia and Africa
An overview of the origins of agriculture cases known from Eurasia and Africa, with a brief survey of the Americas, documents only a few “centers” where subsistence based on founder crops andExpand
Synchronous Environmental and Cultural Change in the Emergence of Agricultural Economies 10,000 Years Ago in the Levant
TLDR
It is shown that the hitherto apparent long-term continuity interpreted as the origins and consolidation of agricultural systems was not linear and uninterrupted, and a new environmental-cultural scenario needs to be incorporated in the models reconstructing both the establishment of agricultural economy in southwestern Asia and the impact of environmental changes on human populations. Expand
The early Holocene archaeobotanical record from the Zhangmatun site situated at the northern edge of the Shandong Highlands, China
Abstract The transition from hunting and gathering to farming in the early Holocene is one of the focal points in the discussion regarding the emergence of agriculture in China. The current studyExpand
Resilience at the Transition to Agriculture: The Long-Term Landscape and Resource Development at the Aceramic Neolithic Tell Site of Chogha Golan (Iran)
TLDR
The multidisciplinary approach demonstrates a long-term subsistence strategy of several hundred years on wild cereals and pulses as well as on hunting a variety of faunal species that were based on relatively favorable and stable environmental conditions. Expand
From intermediate economies to agriculture: trends in wild food use, domestication and cultivation among early villages in southwest Asia
This paper addresses the range of subsistence strategies in the protracted transition to agriculture in Southwest Asia. Discussed and defined here are the intermediate economies that can beExpand
The Origins of Agriculture in the Near East
TLDR
The emerging picture of plant and animal domestication and agricultural origins in the Near East is dramatically different from that drawn 16 years ago, with a more pluralistic view that sees domestication of various crops and livestock occurring across the entire region. Expand
Subsistence strategies and vegetation development at Aceramic Neolithic Körtik Tepe, southeastern Anatolia, Turkey
With the advent of sedentism, or living in permanent settlements, a new way of life began. The hunter and gatherers’ well established subsistence strategy of thousands of years slowly moved towardsExpand
Comparing subsistence strategies in different landscapes of North China 10,000 years ago
A recent switch in the study of the beginning of agriculture is to demonstrate the increasingly closer interaction between people and the landscape and how this would have played a crucial role inExpand
The Role of the Local Environment in the Slow Pace of Emerging Agriculture in the Fertile Crescent
  • S. Riehl
  • Biology
  • Journal of Ethnobiology
  • 2016
TLDR
Archaeobotanical data from a number of Epipalaeolithic and aceramic Neolithic sites in the northern and eastern parts of the Fertile Crescent are investigated for their explanatory power regarding ancient ecological conditions of early cereal production and the slow pace of emerging agriculture. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 184 REFERENCES
The origins of sedentism and farming communities in the Levant
Particular geographic features of the Mediterranean Levant underlie the subsistence patterns and social structures reconstructed from the archaeological remains of Epi-Paleolithic groups. TheExpand
The Beginnings of Agriculture in China
  • D. Cohen
  • Sociology
  • Current Anthropology
  • 2011
By 9000 cal BP, the first sedentary villages, marking the Early Neolithic, are present in Northeast China, North China, and the Middle and Lower Yangtze regions, but plant and animal domesticates doExpand
Early Holocene cultivation before domestication in northern Syria
Charred plant remains from the sites of Tell Qaramel, Jerf el Ahmar, Dja’de and Tell ‘Abr situated in northern Syria and dated to the tenth and ninth millennia cal b.c. demonstrate that a wideExpand
Resource intensification in the Late Upper Paleolithic: a view from southern China
Resource intensification is often viewed as a precursor to sedentism and thereby to agriculture. Late Upper Paleolithic sites in China are also seen as important precursors to the beginnings ofExpand
Late Pleistocene and early Holocene climate and the beginnings of cultivation in northern Syria
Climate change has been interpreted as a contributing factor to the emergence of agriculture in the Near East. We examine how climate change may have affected the availability of food plants andExpand
The transition to agriculture in northwestern China
Abstract Agriculture can evolve independently only where intensive hunter-gatherer plant use has previously evolved, and both developments are limited by two major evolutionary constraints: climaticExpand
The Origins of Agriculture in the Near East
TLDR
The emerging picture of plant and animal domestication and agricultural origins in the Near East is dramatically different from that drawn 16 years ago, with a more pluralistic view that sees domestication of various crops and livestock occurring across the entire region. Expand
New evidence of Lateglacial cereal cultivation at Abu Hureyra on the Euphrates
TLDR
New evidence from the site of Abu Hureyra suggests that systematic cultivation of cereals in fact started well before the end of the Pleistocene by at least 13000 years ago, and that rye was among the first crops. Expand
Late Quaternary climate change and human adaptation in arid China
Due to political pressures, prior to the 1990s little was known about the nature of human foraging adaptations in the deserts, grasslands, and mountains of north western China during the last glacialExpand
The Occurrence of Cereal Cultivation in China
This paper examines the progress and remaining problems on the occurrence of cereal cultivation in China, which led to agriculture, and discusses some related theoretical issues. Based on currentlyExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...