Climate of the Past O pen A ccess Inferred changes in El Niño – Southern Oscillation variance over the past six centuries

  title={Climate of the Past O pen A ccess Inferred changes in El Ni{\~n}o – Southern Oscillation variance over the past six centuries},
  author={Sue L. T. McGregor and Allan Timmermann and Matthew H. England and O. Elison Timm and Andrew T. Wittenberg},
It is vital to understand how the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) has responded to past changes in natural and anthropogenic forcings, in order to better understand and predict its response to future greenhouse warming. To date, however, the instrumental record is too brief to fully characterize natural ENSO variability, while large discrepancies exist amongst paleo-proxy reconstructions of ENSO. These paleo-proxy reconstructions have typically attempted to reconstruct ENSO’s temporal… CONTINUE READING


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