Climate change impacts on marine ecosystems.

  title={Climate change impacts on marine ecosystems.},
  author={Scott C. Doney and Mary Ruckelshaus and J. Emmett Duffy and James P. Barry and Francis Chan and Chad A. English and Heather M. Galindo and Jacqueline M. Grebmeier and Anne B. Hollowed and Nancy Knowlton and Jeffrey Joseph Polovina and Nancy N. Rabalais and William J. Sydeman and Lynne D. Talley},
  journal={Annual review of marine science},
In marine ecosystems, rising atmospheric CO2 and climate change are associated with concurrent shifts in temperature, circulation, stratification, nutrient input, oxygen content, and ocean acidification, with potentially wide-ranging biological effects. Population-level shifts are occurring because of physiological intolerance to new environments, altered dispersal patterns, and changes in species interactions. Together with local climate-driven invasion and extinction, these processes result… 

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