Climate change impacts and adaptation among smallholder farmers in Central America

  title={Climate change impacts and adaptation among smallholder farmers in Central America},
  author={Celia Alice Harvey and Milagro Sabor{\'i}o-Rodr{\'i}guez and M. Ruth Mart{\'i}nez-Rodr{\'i}guez and B{\'a}rbara Viguera and Adina Chain-Guadarrama and Raffaele Vignola and Francisco Alp{\'i}zar},
  journal={Agriculture \& Food Security},
BackgroundSmallholder farmers are one of the most vulnerable groups to climate change, yet efforts to support farmer adaptation are hindered by the lack of information on how they are experiencing and responding to climate change. More information is needed on how different types of smallholder farmers vary in their perceptions and responses to climate change, and how to tailor adaptation programs to different smallholder farmer contexts. We surveyed 860 smallholder coffee and basic grain… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Smallholder Farmers’ Perceptions of Climate Change and Adaptation Practices for Maize Production in Eastern Ethiopia
Climate change and variability is affecting maize (Zea mays L.) production in eastern Ethiopia but how farmers perceive the challenge and respond to it is not well documented. A study was conductedExpand
Smallholder farmers’ perception of climate change and adaptation strategy choices in Central Ethiopia
Purpose Smallholder farmers have always been profoundly the first to be impacted by climate change, and therefore, farmers understanding of climate change and accessibility to alternative adaptationExpand
Perception of farmers on climate change and its impacts on agriculture across various altitudinal zones of Bhutan Himalayas
Climate change is real and is considered to be impacting agricultural development in Bhutan. To authenticate this claim, a survey was conducted in six districts of Bhutan, representing low- , mid-Expand
Communities’ Adaptation and Vulnerability to Climate Change: Implications for Achieving a Climate-Smart Landscape
Rural landscapes in many parts of Indonesia are rapidly being transformed, due to the expansion of agrocommodity plantations—oil palm in particular. At the same time, communities in those landscapesExpand
Climate Change Adaptation Options in Farming Communities of Selected Nigerian Ecological Zones
This chapter examines the impacts of climate change on three tropical crops and assesses the climate change adaptation options adopted by rural farmers in the region. The study was conducted amongExpand
Climate Change Adaptation Options in Farming Communities of Selected Nigerian Ecological Zones
This chapter examines the impacts of climate change on three tropical crops and assesses the climate change adaptation options adopted by rural farmers in the region. The study was conducted amongExpand
Identifying Barriers and Enablers for Climate Change Adaptation of Farmers in Semi-Arid North-Western China
The changing climate represents a large challenge for farmers, and adaptation responses are necessary to minimize impacts. Mixed approaches, which involve the analysis of meteorological data,Expand
Farmer’s perception on climate-related disasters and their impacts to support food farming
Changes and extreme climate events have an impact on and cause vulnerability to the food crop sub-sector. Extreme climatic events that have a significant impact on food farming are floods, drought,Expand
Consequences of Climate Change Impacts and Incidences of Extreme Weather Events in Relation to Crop Production in Bhutan
Being a country in the Himalayas, Bhutan is highly prone to the vagaries of weather events that affect agricultural production and the subsequent livelihood of the people. To identify the main issuesExpand
Farmers’ perceptions about changes in climate variables: Perceived risks and household responses in different agro-ecological communities, Southern Ethiopia
Abstract Rain-fed dependent farmers in Ethiopia are highly affected by changing climate situations. Thus, this study examines farmers’ perception of climatic change, related risks, and adaptationExpand


Agricultural adaptation to climate change: insights from a farming community in Sri Lanka
The vulnerability of smallholder farmers to climate change and variability is increasingly rising. As agriculture is the only source of income for most of them, agricultural adaptation with respectExpand
Extreme vulnerability of smallholder farmers to agricultural risks and climate change in Madagascar
Urgent technical, financial and institutional support is needed to improve the agricultural production and food security of Malagasy farmers and make their livelihoods resilient to climate change. Expand
Vulnerability of smallholder farmers to climate change in Central America and Mexico: current knowledge and research gaps
As governments are becoming aware of the potential impacts of climate change on agriculture many are developing adaptation policies targeting smallholder farmers. However, in many cases, governmentsExpand
Climate risk adaptation by smallholder farmers: the roles of trees and agroforestry
Smallholder farmers are vulnerable to environmental, climate and weather-related stress, including climate change. There is an increase in understanding of the benefits of agroforestry systems bothExpand
Adapting agriculture to climate change in Kenya: household strategies and determinants.
The results show that households face considerable challenges in adapting to climate change, and the need for greater investments in rural and agricultural development to support the ability of households to make strategic, long-term decisions that affect their future well-being. Expand
Regional modeling of climate change impacts on smallholder agriculture and ecosystems in Central America
Climate change will have serious repercussions for agriculture, ecosystems, and farmer livelihoods in Central America. Smallholder farmers are particularly vulnerable due to their reliance onExpand
Ecosystem-based adaptation for smallholder farmers: Definitions, opportunities and constraints
Abstract Despite the growing interest in Ecosystem-based Adaptation, there has been little discussion of how this approach could be used to help smallholder farmers adapt to climate change, whileExpand
The Perception of and Adaptation to Climate Change in Africa
The objective of this paper is to determine the ability of farmers in Africa to detect climate change, and to ascertain how they have adapted to whatever climate change they believe has occurred. TheExpand
Climate change: linking adaptation and mitigation through agroforestry
Agriculture is the human enterprise that is most vulnerable to climate change. Tropical agriculture, particularly subsistence agriculture is particularly vulnerable, as smallholder farmers do notExpand
Perception of and adaptation to climate change by farmers in the Nile basin of Ethiopia
SUMMARY The present study employed the Heckman sample selection model to analyse the two- step process of adaptation to climate change, which initially requires farmers' perception that climate isExpand